lwj, cd+jk
lwj, cd+jk ¼xk;½ enhuk esa ukft+y gqvk vkSj blesa nks lkS fN;klh vk;rsa vkSj pkyhl :dw gSaA
[+kq+nk ds uke ls 'kq: djrk gw¡ tks cM+k esgjcku vkSj jge okyk gS
vyhQ+ yke ehe ¼1½
¼;s½ og fdrkc gSA ftl ¼ds fdrkcs [kq+nk gksus½ esa dqN Hkh 'kd ugha ¼;s½ ijgst+xkjksa dh jguqek gS ¼2½
tks x+Sc ij bZeku ykrs gSa vkSj ¼ikcUnh ls½ uekt+ vnk djrs gSa vkSj tks dqN geus mudks fn;k gS mlesa ls ¼jkgs [kq+nk esa½ [k+pZ djrs gSa ¼3½
vkSj tks dqN rqe ij ¼,s jlwy½ vkSj rqe ls igys ukft+y fd;k x;k gS ml ij bZeku ykrs gSa vkSj ogh vkf[k+jr dk ;d+hu Hkh j[krs gSa ¼4½
;gh yksx vius ijojfnxkju dh fgnk;r ij ¼vkfey½ gSa vkSj ;gh yksx viuh fnyh eqjknsa ik,¡xs ¼5½
cs'kd ftu yksxksa us dqÝ b[k+rs;kj fd;k muds fy, cjkcj gS ¼,s jlwy½ [+okg ¼pkgs½ rqe mUgsa Mjkvks ;k u Mjkvks og bZeku u yk,¡xs ¼6½
muds fnyksa ij vkSj muds dkuksa ij ¼ut+j djds½ [kq+nk us rlnhd+ dj nh gS ¼fd ;s bZeku u yk,¡xs½ vkSj mudh vk¡[kksa ij ijnk ¼iM+k gqvk½ gS vkSj mUgha ds fy, ¼cgqr½ cM+k vt+kc gS ¼7½
vkSj ckt+ yksx ,sls Hkh gSa tks ¼t+cku ls rks½ dgrs gSa fd ge [kq+nk ij vkSj d+;ker ij bZeku yk, gkyk¡fd og fny ls bZeku ugha yk, ¼8½
[kq+nk dks vkSj mu yksxksa dks tks bZeku yk, /kks[kk nsrs gSa gkyk¡fd og vius vkidks /kks[kk nsrs gSa vkSj dqN 'kÅj ugha j[krs gSa ¼9½
muds fnyksa esa et+Z Fkk gh vc [kq+nk us muds et+Z dks vkSj c<+k fn;k vkSj pw¡fd og yksx >wB cksyk djrs Fks blfy, mu ij rdyhQ nsg vt+kc gS ¼10½
vkSj tc muls dgk tkrk gS fd eqYd esa Qlkn u djrs fQjks ¼rks½ dgrs gSa fd ge rks flQZ blykg djrs gSa ¼11½
[k+cjnkj gks tkvks cs'kd ;gh yksx Qlknh gSa ysfdu le>rs ugha ¼12½
vkSj tc muls dgk tkrk gS fd ftl rjg vkSj yksx bZeku yk, gSa rqe Hkh bZeku ykvks rks dgrs gSa D;k ge Hkh mlh rjg bZeku yk,¡ ftl rjg vkSj csodw+Q+ yksx bZeku yk,¡] [k+cjnkj gks tkvks yksx csod+wQ+ gSa ysfdu ugha tkurs ¼13½
vkSj tc mu yksxksa ls feyrs gSa tks bZeku yk pqds rks dgrs gSa ge rks bZeku yk pqds vkSj tc vius 'kSrkuksa ds lkFk rugk jg tkrs gSa rks dgrs gSa ge rqEgkjs lkFk gSa ge rks ¼eqlyekuksa dks½ cukrs gSa ¼14½
¼og D;k cuk,¡xs½ [kq+nk mudks cukrk gS vkSj mudks <hy nsrk gS fd og viuh ljd'kh esa x+yr ispk¡ ¼my>s½ jgsa ¼15½
;gh og yksx gSa ftUgksaus fgnk;r ds cnys xqejkgh [k+jhn yh] fQj u mudh frtkjr gh us dqN uQ+k fn;k vkSj u mu yksxksa us fgnk;r gh ikbZ ¼16½
mu yksxksa dh felky ¼rks½ ml 'k[+l dh lh gS ftlus ¼jkr ds oD+r etes esa½ HkM+drh gq;h vkx jkS'ku dh fQj tc vkx ¼ds 'kksys½ us mlds fxnksZa is'k ¼pkjksa vksj½ [kw+c mtkyk dj fn;k rks [kq+nk us mudh jkS'kuh ys yh vkSj mudks ?kVkVksi v¡/ksjs esa NksM+ fn;k ¼17½
fd vc mUgsa dqN lq>kbZ ugha nsrk ;s yksx cgjs xw¡xs vU/ks gSa fd fQj viuh xqejkgh ls ckt+ ugha vk ldrs ¼18½

;k mudh felky ,slh gS tSls vklekuh ckfj'k ftlesa rkfjfd;k¡ x+t+Z fctyh gks ekSr ds [kkSQ ls dM+d ds ekjs vius dkuksa esa Å¡xfy;k¡ ns ysrs gSa gkyk¡fd [kq+nk dkfQ+jksa dks ¼bl rjg½ ?ksjs gq, gS ¼fd mld fgy ugha ldrs½ ¼19½
d+jhc gS fd fctyh mudh vk¡[kksa dks pkSfU/k;k ns tc muds vkxs fctyh pedh rks ml jkS'kuh esa py [kM+s gq, vkSj tc mu ij v¡/ksjk Nk x;k rks ¼fBBds ds½ [kM+s gks x, vkSj [kq+nk pkgrk rks ;w¡ Hkh muds ns[kus vkSj lquus dh dworsa Nhu ysrk cs'kd [kq+nk gj pht+ ij d+kfnj gS ¼20½
,s yksxksa vius ijojfnxkj dh bcknr djks ftlus rqedks vkSj mu yksxksa dks tks rqe ls igys Fks iSnk fd;k gS vtc ugha rqe ijgst+xkj cu tkvks ¼21½
ftlus rqEgkjs fy, t+ehu dk fcNkSuk vkSj vkleku dks Nr cuk;k vkSj vkleku ls ikuh cjlk;k fQj mlh us rqEgkjs [kkus ds fy, ckt+ Qy iSnk fd, il fdlh dks [kq+nk dk gelj u cukvks gkyk¡fd rqe [kw+c tkurs gks ¼22½
vkSj vxj rqe yksx bl dyke ls tks geus vius cUns ¼eksgEen½ ij ukft+y fd;k gS 'kd esa iM+s gks il vxj rqe lPps gks rks rqe ¼Hkh½ ,d lwjk cuk ykvks vkSj [kq+nk ds flok tks Hkh rqEgkjs ennxkj gksa mudks Hkh cqyk yks ¼23½
il vxj rqe ;s ugha dj ldrs gks vkSj gjfxt+ ugha dj ldksxs rks ml vkx ls Mjks flds bZ/ku vkneh vkSj iRFkj gksaxs vkSj dkfQ+jksa ds fy, rS;kj dh xbZ gS ¼24½
vkSj tks yksx beku yk, vkSj mUgksaus usd dke fd, mudks ¼,s iSx+Ecj½ [kq'k[k+cjh ns nks fd muds fy, ¼csfg'r ds½ og ckx+kr gSa ftuds uhps ugjs tkjh gSa tc mUgsa bu ckx+kr dk dksbZ esok [kkus dks feysxk rks dgsaxs ;s rks ogh ¼esok gS tks igys Hkh gesa [kkus dks fey pqdk gS½ ¼D;ksafd½ mUgsa feyrh tqyrh lwjr o jax ds ¼esos½ feyk djsaxs vkSj csfg'r esa muds fy, lkQ lqFkjh chfo;k¡ gksxh vkSj ;s yksx ml ckx+ esa ges'kk jgsaxs ¼25½
cs'kd [kq+nk ePNj ;k mlls Hkh c<+dj ¼gd+hj pht+½ dh dksbZ felky c;ku djus esa ugha >sairk il tks yksx bZeku yk pqds gSa og rks ;s ;d+hu tkurs gSa fd ;s ¼felky½ fcYdqy Bhd gS vkSj ;s ijojfnxkj dh rjQ+ ls gS ¼vc jgs½ og yksx tks dkfQ+j gS il og cksy mBrs gSa fd [kq+nk dk ml felky ls D;k eryc gS] ,slh felky ls [k+qnk cgqrsjksa dh fgnk;r djrk gS exj xqejkgh esa NksM+rk Hkh gS rks ,sls cndkjksa dks ¼26½
tks yksx [kq+nk ds ,gnks iSeku dks et+cwr gks tkus ds ckn rksM+ Mkyrs gSa vkSj ftu ¼rkYyqd+kr½ dk [kq+nk us gqDe fn;k gS mudks d+rkvk dj nsrs gSa vkSj eqYd esa Qlkn djrs fQjrs gSa] ;gh yksx ?kkVk mBkus okys gSa ¼27½
¼gk¡,½ D;ksa dj rqe [kq+nk dk bUdkj dj ldrs gks gkyk¡fd rqe ¼ekvksa ds isV esa½ cstku Fks rks mlh us rqedks ft+Unk fd;k fQj ogh rqedks ekj Mkysxk] fQj ogh rqedks ¼nksckjk d+;ker esa½ ft+Unk djsxk fQj mlh dh rjQ ykSVk, tkvksxs ¼28½
ogh rks og ¼[kq+nk½ gS ftlus rqEgkjs ¼uQ+s½ ds t+ehu dh dqy pht+ksa dks iSnk fd;k fQj vkleku ¼ds cukus½ dh rjQ+ eqrkoTtsg gqvk rks lkr vkleku geokj ¼o eqlrgde½ cuk fn, vkSj og ¼[kq+nk½ gj pht+ ls ¼[kw+c½ okfd+Q gS ¼29½
vkSj ¼,s jlwy½ ml oD+r dks ;kn djks tc rqEgkjs ijojfnxkj us Q+fj'rksa ls dgk fd eSa ¼viuk½ ,d uk,c t+ehu esa cukusokyk gw¡ ¼Qfj'rs rkTtqc ls½ dgus yxs D;k rw t+ehu ,sls 'k[+l dks iSnk djsxk tks t+ehu esa Q+lkn vkSj [kw+¡jsft+;k¡ djrk fQjs gkyk¡fd ¼vxj½ [k+yhQk cukuk gS ¼rks gekjk T+;knk gd+ gS½ D;ksafd ge rsjh rkjhQ o rlchg djrs gSa vkSj rsjh ikdht+xh lkfcr djrs gSa rc [kq+nk us Qjek;k blesa rks 'kd gh ugha fd tks eSa tkurk gw¡ rqe ugha tkurs ¼30½
vkSj ¼vkne dh gd+hd+e t+kfgj djus dh x+jt+ ls½ vkne dks lc pht+ksa ds uke fl[kk fn, fQj mudks Qfj'rksa ds lkeus is'k fd;k vkSj Q+jek;k fd vxj rqe vius nkos esa fd ge eqLrgds+ f[k+ykQ+r gSaA lPps gks rks eq>s bu pht+ksa ds uke crkvks ¼31½
rc Q+fj'rksa us ¼vkftt+h ls½ vt+Z dh rw ¼gj ,sc ls½ ikd o ikdht+k gS ge rks tks dqN rwus crk;k gS mlds flok dqN ugha tkurs rw cM+k tkuus okyk] elygrksa dk igpkuus okyk gS ¼32½
¼ml oD+r [kq+nk us vkne dks½ gqDe fn;k fd ,s vkne rqe bu Q+fj'rksa dks mu lc pht+ksa ds uke crk nks cl tc vkne us Q+fj'rksa dks mu pht+ksa ds uke crk fn, rks [kq+nk us Qfj'rksa dh rjQ f[k+rkc djds Qjek;k D;ksa] eSa rqels u dgrk Fkk fd eSa vklekuksa vkSj t+ehuksa ds fNis gq, jkt+ dks tkurk gw¡] vkSj tks dqN rqe vc t+kfgj djrs gks vkSj tks dqN rqe fNikrs Fks ¼og lc½ tkurk gw¡ ¼33½
vkSj ¼ml oD+r dks ;kn djks½ tc geus Q+fj'rksa ls dgk fd vkne dks ltnk djks rks lc ds lc >qd x, exj 'kSrku us bUdkj fd;k vkSj x+q:j esa vk x;k vkSj dkfQ+j gks x;k ¼34½
vkSj geus vkne ls dgk ,s vkne rqe viuh choh leSr csfg'r esa jgk lgk djks vkSj tgk¡ ls rqEgkjk th pkgs mlesa ls c Qjkx+r [kkvks ¼fi;ks½ exj ml nj[+r ds ikl Hkh u tkuk ¼ojuk½ fQj rqe viuk vki uqd+lku djksxs ¼35½
rc 'kSrku us vkne o gkSOok dks ¼/kks[kk nsdj½ ogk¡ ls Mxexk;k vkSj vkf[k+j dkj mudks ftl ¼,s'k o jkgr½ esa Fks muls fudky Qsadk vkSj geus dgk ¼,s vkne o gkSOok½ rqe ¼t+ehu ij½ mrj iM+ks rqeesa ls ,d dk ,d nq'keu gksxk vkSj t+ehu esa rqEgkjs fy, ,d [k+kl oD+r ¼d+;ker½ rd Bgjko vkSj fBdkuk gS ¼36½
fQj vkne us vius ijojfnxkj ls ¼ekt+jr ds pUn vYQkt+½ lh[ks il [kq+nk us mu vYQkt+ dh cjdr ls vkne dh rkSck dq+cwy dj yh cs'kd og cM+k ekQ+ djus okyk esgjcku gS ¼37½
¼vkSj tc vkne dks½ ;s gqDe fn;k Fkk fd ;gk¡ ls mrj iM+ks ¼rks Hkh dg fn;k Fkk fd½ vxj rqEgkjs ikl esjh rjQ+ ls fgnk;r vk, rks ¼mldh iSjoh djuk D;ksafd½ tks yksx esjh fgnk;r ij pysaxs mu ij ¼d+;ker½ esa u dksbZ [k+kSQ gksxk ¼38½
vkSj u og jathnk gksxs vkSj ¼;s Hkh ;kn j[kks½ ftu yksxksa us dqÝ b[k+rs;kj fd;k vkSj gekjh vk;rksa dks >qByk;k rks ogh tgUuqeh gSa vkSj ges'kk nkst+[k+ esa iM+s jgsxs ¼39½
,s cuh bljkbZy ¼;kd+wc dh vkSykn½ esjs mu ,glkukr dks ;kn djks tks rqe ij igys dj pqds gSa vkSj rqe esjs ,gn o bd+jkj ¼bZeku½ dks iwjk djks rks eSa rqEgkjs ,gn ¼lokc½ dks iwjk d:¡xk] vkSj eq> gh ls Mjrs jgks ¼40½
vkSj tks ¼dq+jku½ eSaus ukft+y fd;k og ml fdrkc ¼rkSjsr½ dh ¼Hkh½ rlnhd+ djrk gw¡ tks rqEgkjs ikl gS vkSj rqe lcls pys mlds bUdkj ij ekStwn u gks tkvks vkSj esjh vk;rksa ds cnys FkksM+h d+her ¼nqu;koh Qk;nk½ u yks vkSj eq> gh ls Mjrs jgks ¼41½
vkSj gd+ dks ckfry ds lkFk u feykvks vkSj gd+ ckr dks u fNikvks gkyk¡fd rqe tkurs gks vkSj ikcUnh ls uekt+ vnk djks ¼42½
vkSj t+dkr fn;k djks vkSj tks yksx ¼gekjs lkeus½ bcknr ds fy, >qdrs gSa muds lkFk rqe Hkh >qdk djks ¼43½
vkSj rqe yksxksa ls usdh djus dks dgrs gks vkSj viuh [k+cj ugha ysrs gkyk¡fd rqe fdrkcs [kq+nk dks ¼cjkcj½ jVk djrs gks rks rqe D;k bruk Hkh ugha le>rs ¼44½
vkSj ¼eqlhcr ds oD+r½ lcz vkSj uekt+ dk lgkjk idM+ks vkSj vycRrk uekt+ nwHkj rks gS exj mu [k+kd+lkjksa ij ¼ugha½ tks c[k+wch tkurs gSa ¼45½
fd og vius ijojfnxkj dh ckjxkg esa gkft+j gksaxs vkSj t+:j mldh rjQ ykSV tk,¡xs ¼46½
,s cuh bljkby esjh mu usverksa dks ;kn djks tks eSaus igys rqEgsa nh vkSj ;s ¼Hkh rks lkspks½ fd geus rqedks lkjs tgk¡u ds yksxksa ls c<+k fn;k ¼47½
vkSj ml fnu ls Mjks ¼ftl fnu½ dksbZ 'k[+l fdlh dh rjQ ls u fQfn;k gks ldsxk vkSj u mldh rjQ ls dksbZ flQkfj'k ekuh tk,xh vkSj u mldk dksbZ eqvkot+k fy;k tk,xk vkSj u og enn igq¡pk, tk,¡xs ¼48½
vkSj ¼ml oD+r dks ;kn djks½ tc geus rqEgsa ¼rqEgkjs cqt+Zxks dks½ fQjvkÅu ¼ds iUts½ ls NqM+k;k tks rqEgsa cM+s&cM+s nq[k ns ds lrkrs Fks rqEgkjs yM+dksa ij Nqjh Qsjrs Fks vkSj rqEgkjh vkSjrksa dks ¼viuh f[k+ner ds fy,½ ft+Unk jgus nsrs Fks vkSj mlesa rqEgkjs ijojfnxkj dh rjQ ls ¼rqEgkjs lcz dh½ l[+r vkt+ekb'k Fkh ¼49½
vkSj ¼og oD+r Hkh ;kn djks½ tc geus rqEgkjs fy, nfj;k dks VqdM+s&VqdM+s fd;k fQj geus rqedks NqVdkjk fn;k ¼50½
vkSj fQjvkÅu ds vknfe;ksa dks rqEgkjs ns[krs&ns[krs Mqcks fn;k vkSj ¼og oD+r Hkh ;kn djks½ tc geus ewlk ls pkyhl jkrkas dk ok;nk fd;k Fkk vkSj rqe yksxksa us muds tkus ds ckn ,d cNM+s dks ¼ijlfr'k ds fy, [kq+nk½ cuk fy;k ¼51½
gkyk¡fd rqe vius Åij t+qYe tksr jgs Fks fQj geus mlds ckn Hkh njxqt+j dh rkfd rqe 'kqØ djks ¼52½
vkSj ¼og oD+r Hkh ;kn djks½ tc ewlk dks ¼rkSjsr½ vrk dh vkSj gd+ vkSj ckfry dks tqnk djusokyk d+kuwu ¼buk;r fd;k½ rkds rqe fgnk;r ikvks
¼53½

vkSj ¼og oD+r Hkh ;kn djks½ tc ewlk us viuh d+kSe ls dgk fd ,s esjh d+kSe rqeus cNM+s dks ¼[k+qnk½ cuk ds vius Åij cM+k l[+r tq+Ye fd;k rks vc ¼blds flok dksbZ pkjk ugha fd½ rqe vius [k+kfyd dh ckjxkg esa rkSck djks vkSj og ;s gS fd vius dks d+Ry dj Mkyks rqEgkjs ijojfnxkj ds ut+nhd rqEgkjs gd+ esa ;gh csgrj gS] fQj tc rqeus ,slk fd;k rks [kq+nk us rqEgkjh rkSck d+qcwy dj yh cs'kd og cM+k esgjcku ekQ+ djus okyk gS ¼54½
vkSj ¼og oD+r Hkh ;kn djks½ tc rqeus ewlk ls dgk Fkk fd ,s ewlk ge rqe ij ml oD+r rd bZeku u yk,¡xs tc rd ge [kq+nk dks t+kfgj ct+kfgj u ns[k ys ml ij rqEgsa fctyh us ys Mkyk] vkSj rqe rdrs gh jg x,
¼55½
fQj rqEgsa rqEgkjs ejus ds ckn geus ftyk mBk;k rkfd rqe 'kqØ djks ¼56½
vkSj geus rqe ij vcz dk lk;k fd;k vkSj rqe ij eu o lyok mrkjk vkSj ¼;s Hkh rks dg fn;k Fkk fd½ tks lqFkjh o uQhl jksft+;k rqEgsa nh gSa mUgsa 'kkSd+ ls [kkvks] vkSj mu yksxksa us gekjk rks dqN fcxM+k ugha exj viuh tkuksa ij flre <krs jgs ¼57½
vkSj ¼og oD+r Hkh ;kn djks½ tc geus rqels dgk fd bl xk¡o ¼vjhgk½ esa tkvks vkSj blesa tgk¡ pkgks Qjkx+r ls [kkvks ¼fi;ks½ vkSj njokt+s ij ltnk djrs gq, vkSj t+cku ls fgRrk cf[+'k'k dgrs gq, vkvks rks ge rqEgkjh [k+rk ;s c[+'k nsxs vkSj ge usdh djus okyksa dh usdh ¼lokc½ c<+k nsxsa ¼58½
rks tks ckr muls dgh xbZ Fkh mls 'kjhjksa us cnydj nwljh ckr dguh 'kq: dj nh rc geus mu yksxksa ij ftUgksaus 'kjkjr dh Fkh mudh cndkjh dh otg ls vklekuh cyk ukft+y dh ¼59½
vkSj ¼og oD+r Hkh ;kn djks½ tc ewlk us viuh d+kSe ds fy, ikuh ek¡xk rks geus dgk ¼,s ewlk½ viuh ykBh iRFkj ij ekjks ¼ykBh ekjrs gh½ mlesa ls ckjg p'esa QwV fudys vkSj lc yksxksa us viuk&viuk ?kkV c[kwch tku fy;k vkSj geus vke btkt+r ns nh fd [kq+nk dh nh gq;h jkst+h ls [kkvks fi;ks vkSj eqYd esa Qlkn u djrs fQjks ¼60½
¼vkSj og oD+r Hkh ;kn djks½ tc rqeus ewlk ls dgk fd ,s ewlk gels ,d gh [kkus ij u jgk tk,xk rks vki gekjs fy, vius ijojfnxkj ls nqvk dhft, fd tks pht+s t+ehu ls mxrh gS tSls lkx ikr rjdkjh vkSj ddM+h vkSj xsgw¡ ;k ¼yglqu½ vkSj elwj vkSj I;kt+ ¼eu o lyok½ dh txg iSnk djsa ¼ewlk us½ dgk D;k rqe ,slh pht+ dks tks gj rjg ls csgrj gS vnuk pht+ ls cnyu pkgrs gks rks fdlh 'kgj esa mrj iM+ks fQj rqEgkjs fy, tks rqeus ek¡xk gS lc ekStwn gS vkSj mu ij :lokbZ vkSj eksgrkth dh ekj iM+h vkSj mu yksxksa us d+gjs [kq+nk dh rjQ iyVk [kk;k] ;s lc bl lcc ls gqvk fd og yksx [kq+nk dh fu'kkfu;ksa ls bUdkj djrs Fks vkSj iSx+Ecjksa dks ukgd 'kghn djrs Fks] vkSj bl otg ls ¼Hkh½ fd og ukQ+jekuh vkSj ljd'kh fd;k djrs Fks ¼61½
cs'kd eqlyekuksa vkSj ;gwfn;ksa vkSj uqljSfu;ksa vkSj yket+gcksa esa ls tks dksbZ [kq+nk vkSj jkst+s vkf[k+jr ij beku yk, vkSj vPNs&vPNs dke djrk jgs rks mUgha ds fy, mudk vtz o lokc muds [kq+nk ds ikl gS vkSj u ¼d+;ker esa½ mu ij fdlh dk [k+kSQ gksxk u og jathnk fny gksaxs ¼62½
vkSj ¼og oD+r ;kn djks½ tc geus ¼rkehys rkSjsr½ dk rqels ,d+jkj dj fy;k vkSj geus rqEgkjs lj ij rwj ls ¼igkM+ dks½ ykdj yVdk;k vkSj dg fn;k fd rkSjsr tks geus rqedks nh gS mldks et+cwr idM+s jgks vkSj tks dqN mlesa gS mldks ;kn j[kks ¼63½
rkfd rqe ijgst+xkj cuks fQj mlds ckn rqe ¼vius ,gnks iSeku ls½ fQj x, il vxj rqe ij [kq+nk dk Qt+y vkSj mldh esgjckuh u gksrh rks rqeus l[+r ?kkVk mBk;k gksrk ¼64½
vkSj viuh d+kSe ls mu yksxksa dh gkyr rks rqe c[kw+ch tkurs gks tks 'kEcs ¼luhpj½ ds fnu viuh gn ls xqt+j x, ¼fd ckotwn eqekfuvr f'kdkj [ksyus fudys½ rks geus mu ls dgk fd rqe jkbUns x, cUnj cu tkvks ¼vkSj og cUnj gks x,½ ¼65½
il geus bl okd+;s ls mu yksxksa ds okLrs ftu ds lkeus gqvk Fkk vkSj tks mlds ckn vkusokys Fks vt+kc d+jkj fn;k] vkSj ijgst+xkjksa ds fy, ulhgr ¼66½
vkSj ¼og oD+r ;kn djks½ tc ewlk us viuh d+kSe ls dgk fd [kq+nk rqe yksxksa dks rkdhnh gqDe djrk gS fd rqe ,d xk; ft+ckg djks og yksx dgus yxs D;k rqe gels fnYyxh djrs gks ewlk us dgk eSa [kq+nk ls iukg ek¡xrk gw¡ fd eSa tkfgy cuw¡ ¼67½
¼rc og yksx dgus yxs fd ¼vPNk½ rqe vius [kq+nk ls nqvk djks fd gesa crk ns fd og xk; dSlh gks ewlk us dgk cs'kd [kq+nk us Qjekrk gS fd og xk; u rks cgqr cw<+h gks vkSj u cfN;k cfYd muesa ls vkSlr njts dh gks] x+jt+ tks rqedks gqDe fn;k x;k mldks ctk ykvks ¼68½
og dgus yxs ¼okg½ rqe vius [kq+nk ls nqvk djks fd gesa ;s crk ns fd mldk jax vkf[k+j D;k gks ewlk us dgk cs'kd [kq+nk Qjekrk gS fd og xk; [kw+c xgjs t+nZ jax dh gks ns[kus okys mls ns[kdj [kq+'k gks tk, ¼69½
rc dgus yxs fd rqe vius [kq+nk ls nqvk djks fd gesa t+jk ;s rks crk ns fd og ¼xk;½ vkSj dSlh gks ¼og½ xk; rks vkSj xk;ksa esa fey tqy xbZ vkSj [kq+nk us pkgk rks ge t+:j ¼mldk½ irk yxk ysxs ¼70½
ewlk us dgk [kq+nk t+:j Qjekrk gS fd og xk; u rks bruh l/kkbZ gks fd t+ehu tksrs u [ksrh lhpsa Hkyh paxh ,d jax dh fd mlesa dksbZ /kCck rd u gks] og cksys vc ¼tk ds½ Bhd&Bhd c;ku fd;k] x+jt+ mu yksxksa us og xk; gyky dh gkyk¡fd muls mEehn u Fkh og fd og ,slk djsaxs ¼71½
vkSj tc ,d 'k[+l dks ekj Mkyk vkSj rqeesa mldh ckcr QwV iM+ xbZ ,d nwljs dks d+kfry crkus yxk tks rqe fNikrs Fks ¼72½
[kq+nk dks mldk t+kfgj djuk eatw+j Fkk il geus dgk fd ml xk; dks dksbZ VqdM+k ysdj bl ¼dh yk'k½ ij ekjks ;w¡ [kq+nk eqnsZ dks ft+Unk djrk gS vkSj rqe dks viuh dq+njr dh fu'kkfu;k¡ fn[kk nsrk gS ¼73½
rkfd rqe le>ks fQj mlds ckn rqEgkjs fny l[+r gks x;s il og fely iRFkj ds ¼l[+r½ Fks ;k mlls Hkh T+;knk dj[+r D;ksafd iRFkjksa esa ckt+ rks ,sls gksrs gSa fd muls ugjsa tkjh gks tkrh gSa vkSj ckt+ ,sls gksrs gSa fd muesa njkj iM+ tkrh gS vkSj muesa ls ikuh fudy iM+rk gS vkSj ckt+ iRFkj rks ,sls gksrs gSa fd [kq+nk ds [k+kSQ ls fxj iM+rs gSa vkSj tks dqN rqe dj jgs gks mlls [kq+nk x+kfQy ugha gS ¼74½
¼eqlyekuksa½ D;k rqe ;s ykyp j[krs gks fd og rqEgkjk ¼lk½ bZeku yk,¡xsa gkyk¡fd muesa dk ,d fxjksg ¼lkfcd+ esa½ ,slk Fkk fd [kq+nk dk dyke lqukrk Fkk vkSj vPNh rjg le>us ds ckn myV Qsj dj nsrk Fkk gkyk¡fd og [kw+c tkurs Fks vkSj tc mu yksxksa ls eqykd+kr djrs gSa ¼75½
tks bZeku yk, rks dg nsrs gSa fd ge rks bZeku yk pqds vkSj tc muls ckt+&ckt+ ds lkFk rf[k+y;k djrs gSa rks dgrs gSa fd tks dqN [kq+nk us rqe ij ¼rkSjsr½ esa t+kfgj dj fn;k gS D;k rqe ¼eqlyekuksa dks½ crk nksxs rkfd mlds lcc ls dy rqEgkjs [kq+nk ds ikl rqe ij gqTtr yk,¡ D;k rqe bruk Hkh ugha le>rs ¼76½
ysfdu D;k og yksx ¼bruk Hkh½ ugha tkurs fd og yksx tks dqN fNikrs gSa ;k t+kfgj djrs gSa [kq+nk lc dqN tkurk gS ¼77½
vkSj dqN muesa ls ,sls vui<+ gSa fd og fdrkcs [kq+nk dks vius eryc dh ckrksa ds flok dqN ugha le>rs vkSj og Qd+r [+;kyh ckrsa fd;k djrs gSa] ¼78½
il ok, gks mu yksxksa ij tks vius gkFk ls fdrkc fy[krs gSa fQj ¼yksxksa ls dgrs fQjrs½ gSa fd ;s [kq+nk ds ;gk¡ ls ¼vkbZ½ gS rkfd mlds t+fj;s ls FkksM+h lh d+her ¼nqu;koh Q+k;nk½ gkfly djsa il vQlksl gS mu ij fd muds gkFkksa us fy[kk vkSj fQj vQlksl gS muij fd og ,slh dekbZ djrs gSa ¼79½
vkSj dgrs gSa fd fxurh ds pUn fnuksa ds flok geas vkx Nq,xh Hkh rks ugha ¼,s jlwy½ bu yksxksa ls dgks fd D;k rqeus [kq+nk ls dksbZ bd+jkj ys fy;k gS fd fQj og fdlh rjg vius bd+jkj ds f[k+ykQ+ gjfxt+ u djsxk ;k cs le>s cw>s [kq+nk ij cksgrko tksM+rs gks ¼80½
gk¡ ¼lp rks ;g gS½ fd ftlus cqjkbZ gkfly dh vkSj mlds xqukgksa us pkjksa rjQ ls mls ?ksj fy;k gS ogh yksx rks nkst+[k+h gSa vkSj ogh ¼rks½ mlesa ges'kk jgasxs ¼81½
vkSj tks yksx bZekunkj gSa vkSj mUgksaus vPNs dke fd, gSa ogh yksx tUurh gSa fd ges'kk tUur esa jgsaxs ¼82½
vkSj ¼og oD+r ;kn djks½ tc geus cuh bZljkby ls ¼tks rqEgkjs cqtq+Zx Fks½ vgn o iSeku fy;k Fkk fd [kq+nk ds flok fdlh dh bcknr u djuk vkSj ek¡ cki vkSj d+jkcrnkjksa vkSj ;rheksa vkSj eksgrktksa ds lkFk vPNs lqywd djuk vkSj yksxksa ds lkFk vPNh rjg ¼ujeh½ ls ckrsa djuk vkSj cjkcj uekt+ i<+uk vkSj t+dkr nsuk fQj rqeesa ls FkksM+s vkfnfe;ksa ds flok ¼lc ds lc½ fQj x, vkSj rqe yksx gks gh bd+jkj ls eq¡g Qsjus okys ¼83½
vkSj ¼og oD+r ;kn djks½ tc geus rqe ¼rqEgkjs cqt+qZxksa½ ls vgn fy;k Fkk fd vkil esa [kw+jsft+;k¡ u djuk vkSj u vius yksxksa dks 'kgj cnj djuk rks rqe ¼rqEgkjs cqtq+Zxksa½ us bd+jkj fd;k Fkk vkSj rqe Hkh mldh xokgh nsrs gks ¼84½
¼fd gk¡ ,slk gqvk Fkk½ fQj ogh yksx rks rqe gks fd vkil esa ,d nwljs dks d+Ry djrs gks vkSj viuksa ls ,d tRFks ds ukgd+ vkSj t+cjnLrh fgek;rh cudj nwljs dks 'kgj cnj djrs gks ¼vkSj yqRQ+ rks ;s gS fd½ vxj ogh yksx d+Snh cudj rEgkjs ikl ¼enn ek¡xus½ vk, rks mudks rkoku nsdj NqM+k ysrs gks gkyk¡fd mudk fudkyuk gh rqe ij gjke fd;k x;k Fkk rks fQj D;k rqe ¼fdrkcs [kq+nk dh½ ckt+ ckrksa ij bZeku j[krs gks vkSj ckt+ ls bUdkj djrs gks il rqe esa ls tks yksx ,slk djsa mudh lt+k blds flok vkSj dqN ugha fd ft+Unxh Hkj dh :lokbZ gks vkSj ¼vkf[k+jdkj½ d+;ker ds fnu l[+r vt+kc dh rjQ ykSVk fn;s tk, vkSj tks dqN rqe yksx djrs gks [kq+nk mlls x+kfQ+y ugha gS ¼85½
;gh og yksx gSa ftUgksaus vk[k+sjr ds cnys nqfu;k dh ft+Unxh [k+jhn il u muds vt+kc gh esa r[+Q+hQ+ ¼deh½ dh tk,xh vkSj u og yksx fdlh rjg dh enn fn, tk,¡xs ¼86½
vkSj ;s gd+hd+h ckr gS fd geus ewlk dks fdrkc ¼rkSjsr½ nh vkSj muds ckn cgqr ls iSx+Ecjksa dks muds d+ne c d+ne ys pysa vkSj efj;e ds csVs bZlk dks ¼Hkh cgqr ls½ okts+, o jkS'ku ekSftts fn, vkSj ikd :g ftcjhy ds t+fj;s ls mudh enn dh D;k rqe ml d+nj cnfnekx+ gks x, gks fd tc dksbZ iSx+Ecj rqEgkjs ikl rqEgkjh [+okfg'ks uQ+lkuh ds f[k+ykQ dksbZ gqDe ysdj vk;k rks rqe vdM+ cSBs fQj rqeus ckt+ iSx+Ecjksa dks rks >qByk;k vkSj ckt+ dks tku ls ekj Mkyk ¼87½
vkSj dgus yxs fd gekjs fnyksa ij fx+ykQ p<+k gqvk gS ¼,slk ugha½ cfYd muds dqÝ dh otg ls [kq+nk us muij ykur dh gS il de gh yksx bZeku ykrs gSa ¼88½
vkSj tc muds ikl [kq+nk dh rjQ+ ls fdrkc ¼dq+jku vkbZ vkSj og ml fdrkc rkSjsr½ dh tks mu ds ikl rlnhd+ Hkh djrh gSA vkSj mlls igys ¼bldh mEehn ij½ dkfQ+jksa ij Qrsg;kc gksus dh nqvk,¡ ek¡xrs Fks il tc muds ikl og pht+ ftls igpkurs Fks vk xbZ rks yxs bUdkj djus il dkfQ+jksa ij [kq+nk dh ykur gS ¼89½
D;k gh cqjk gS og dke ftlds eqd+kcys esa ¼bruh ckr ij½ og yksx viuh tkusa csp cSBs gSa fd [kq+nk vius cUnksa ls ftl ij pkgs viuh buk;r ls fdrkc ukft+y fd;k djs bl j'd ls tks dqN [kq+nk us ukft+y fd;k gS lcdk bUdkj dj cSBs il mu ij x+t+c ij x+t+c VwV iM+k vkSj dkfQ+jksa ds fy, ¼cM+h½ :lokbZ dk vt+kc gS ¼90½
vkSj tc muls dgk x;k fd ¼tks d+qjku½ [kq+nk us ukft+y fd;k gS ml ij bZeku ykvks rks dgus yxs fd ge rks mlh fdrkc ¼rkSjsr½ ij bZeku yk, gSa tks ge ij ukft+y dh xbZ Fkh vkSj ml fdrkc ¼dq+jku½ dks tks mlds ckn vkbZ gS ugha ekurs gSa gkyk¡fd og ¼d+qjku½ gd+ gS vkSj ml fdrkc ¼rkSjsr½ dh tks muds ikl gS rlnhd+ Hkh djrh gS exj ml fdrkc dq+jku dk tks mlds ckn vkbZ gS bUdkj djrs gSa ¼,s jlwy½ muls ;s rks iwNks fd rqe ¼rqEgkjs cqtq+Zx½ vxj bZekunkj Fks rks fQj D;ksa [kq+nk ds iSx+Ecjksa dk lkfcd+ d+Ry djrs Fks ¼91½
vkSj rqEgkjs ikl ewlk rks okt+s, o jkS'ku ekSftt+s ysdj vk gh pqds Fks fQj Hkh rqeus muds ckn cNM+s dks [kq+nk cuk gh fy;k vkSj mlls rqe vius gh Åij t+qYe djus okys Fks ¼92½
vkSj ¼og oD+r ;kn djks½ tc geus rqels vgn fy;k vkSj ¼d+ksgs½ rwj dks ¼rqEgkjh mnwys gqDeh ls½ rqEgkjs lj ij yVdk;k vkSj ¼geus dgk fd ;s fdrkc rkSjsr½ tks geus nh gS et+cwrh ls fy, jgks vkSj ¼tks dqN mlesa gS½ lquks rks dgus yxs lquk rks ¼lgh ysfdu½ ge bldks ekurs ugha vkSj mudh csbZekuh dh otg ls ¼xks;k½ cNM+s dh myQ+r ?kksy ds muds fnyksa esa fiyk nh xbZ ¼,s jlwy½ mu yksxksa ls dg nks fd vxj rqe bZekunkj Fks rks rqedks rqEgkjk bZeku D;k gh cqjk gqDe djrk Fkk ¼93½
¼,s jlwy½ bu yksxksa ls dg nks fd vxj [kq+nk ds ut+nhd vk[k+sjr dk ?kj ¼csfg'r½ [k+kl rqEgkjs okLrs gS vkSj yksxksa ds oklrs ugha gS il vxj rqe lPps gks rks ekSr dh vkjtw+ djks ¼94½
¼rkfd tYnh csfg'r esa tkvks½ ysfdu og mu vkekys cn dh otg ls ftudks muds gkFkksa us igys ls vkxs Hkstk gS gjfxt+ ekSr dh vkjt+w u djsaxs vkSj [kq+nk t+kfyeksa ls [kw+c okfd+Q gS ¼95½
vkSj ¼,s jlwy½ rqe mu gh dks ft+Unxh dk lcls T+;knk gjhl ikvksxs vkSj eq'kfjd+ksa esa ls gj ,d 'k[+l pkgrk gS fd dk'k mldks gt+kj cjl dh mez nh tkrh gkyk¡fd vxj bruh rwykuh mez Hkh nh tk, rks og [k+qnk ds vt+kc ls NqVdkjk nsus okyh ugha] vkSj tks dqN og yksx djrs gSa [kq+nk mls ns[k jgk gS ¼96½
¼,s jlwy mu yksxksa ls½ dg nks fd tks ftcjhy dk nq'keu gS ¼mldk [kq+nk nq'keu gS½ D;ksafd ml Q+fj'rs us [kq+nk ds gqDe ls ¼bl dq+jku dks½ rqEgkjs fny ij Mkyk gS vkSj og mu fdrkcksa dh Hkh rlnhd djrk gS tks ¼igys ukft+y gks pqdh gSa vkSj lc½ mlds lkeus ekStwn gSa vkSj bZekunkjksa ds okLrs [kq+'k[k+cjh gS ¼97½
tks 'k[+l [k+qnk vkSj mlds Qfj'rksa vkSj mlds jlwyksa vkSj ¼[k+kldj½ ftcjkbZy o ehdkby dk nq'keu gks rks cs'kd [kq+nk Hkh ¼,sls½ dkfQ+jksa dk nq'eu gS ¼98½
vkSj ¼,s jlwy½ geus rqe ij ,slh fu'kkfu;k¡ ukft+y dh gSa tks okts, vkSj jkS'ku gSa vkSj ,sls ukQjekuksa ds flok mudk dksbZ bUdkj ugha dj ldrk ¼99½
vkSj mudh ;s gkyr gS fd tc dHkh dksbZ vgn fd;k rks muesa ls ,d Qjhd+ us rksM+ Mkyk cfYd muesa ls vDlj rks bZeku gh ugha j[krs ¼100½
vkSj tc muds ikl [kq+nk dh rjQ ls jlwy ¼eksgEen½ vk;k vkSj ml fdrkc ¼rkSjsr½ dh tks muds ikl gS rlnhd+ Hkh djrk gS rks mu vgys fdrkc ds ,d fxjksg us fdrkcs [kq+nk dks vius ils iq'r Qsad fn;k xks;k og yksx dqN tkurs gh ugha vkSj ml ea= ds ihNs iM+ x, ¼101½
ftldks lqyseku ds t+ekus dh lyrur esa 'k;krhu tik djrs Fks gkyk¡fd lqyseku us dqÝ ugha b[+krs;kj fd;k ysfdu 'kSrkuksa us dqÝ ,[+krs;kj fd;k fd og yksxksa dks tknw fljok;k djrs Fks vkSj og pht+sa tks gk:r vkSj ek:r nksuksa Q+fj'rksa ij ckbfcy esa ukft+y dh xbZ Fkh gkyk¡fd ;s nksuksa Q+fj'rs fdlh dks fl[kkrs u Fks tc rd ;s u dg nsrs Fks fd ge nksuksa rks Q+d+r ¼t+fj;k, vkt+ekb'k½ gS il rks ¼bl ij vey djds½ csbeku u gks tkuk ml ij Hkh muls og ¼VksVds½ lh[krs Fks ftudh otg ls fe;k choh esa rQ+jd+k Mkyrs gkyk¡fd cx+Sj vT+us [kq+nk cUnh og viuh bu ckrksa ls fdlh dks t+jj ugha igq¡pk ldrs Fks vkSj ;s yksx ,slh ckrsa lh[krs Fks tks [kq+n mUgsa uqd+lku igq¡pkrh Fkh vkSj dqN ¼uQk½ igq¡pkrh Fkh ckotwn fd og ;d+huu tku pqds Fks fd tks 'k[+l bu ¼cqjkbZ;ksa½ dk [k+jhnkj gqvk og vkf[k+jr esa csulhc gSa vkSj cs'kqcg ¼eqvkot+k½ cgqr gh cM+k gS ftlds cnys mUgksaus viuh tkuksa dks cspk dk'k ¼mls dqN½ lksps le>s gksrs ¼102½
vkSj vxj og bZeku ykrs vkSj tknw ox+Sjg ls cpdj ijgst+xkj curs rks [kq+nk dh njxkg ls tks lokc feyrk og mlls dgha csgrj gksrk dk'k ;s yksx ¼bruk rks½ le>rs ¼103½
,s bZekuokyksa rqe ¼jlwy dks viuh rjQ eqrkoTts djuk pkgks rks½ jvkuk ¼gekjh fjvk;r dj½ u dgk djks cfYd mut+qjuk ¼ge ij ut+js roTtks j[k½ dgk djks vkSj ¼th yxkdj½ lqurs jgks vkSj dkfQjksa ds fy, nnZukd vt+kc gS ¼104½
,s jlwy vgys fdrkc esa ls ftu yksxksa us dqÝ b[k+rs;kj fd;k og vkSj eq'kjsdhu ;s ugha pkgrs gSa fd rqe ij rqEgkjs ijojfnxkj dh rjQ ls HkykbZ ¼ogh½ ukft+y dh tk, vkSj ¼mudk rks blesa dqN btkjk ugha½ [kq+nk ftldks pkgrk gS viuh jger ds fy, [k+kl dj ysrk gS vkSj [kq+nk cM+k Qt+y ¼djus½ okyk gS ¼105½
¼,s jlwy½ ge tc dksbZ vk;r eUlw[k+ djrs gSa ;k rqEgkjs t+sgu ls feVk nsrs gSa rks mlls csgrj ;k oSlh gh ¼vkSj½ ukft+y Hkh dj nsrs gSa D;k rqe ugha tkurs fd cs'kqcgk [kq+nk gj pht+ ij d+kfnj gS ¼106½
D;k rqe ugha tkurs fd vkleku dh lyrur cs'kqcgk [k+kl [kq+nk gh ds fy, gS vkSj [kq+nk ds flok rqEgkjk u dksbZ ljijLr gS u ennxkj ¼107½
¼eqlyekuksa½ D;k rqe pkgrs gks fd rqe Hkh vius jlwy ls oSlS gh ¼cs<+axs½ lokykr djks ftl rjg lkfcd+ ¼igys½ t+ekus esa ewlk ls ¼csrqds½ lokykr fd, x, Fks vkSj ftl 'k[+l us beku ds cnys dqÝ ,[k+rs;kj fd;k og rks ;d+huh lh/ks jkLrs ls HkVd x;k ¼108½
¼eqlyekuksa½ vgys fdrkc esa ls vDlj yksx vius fnyh gln dh otg ls ;s [+okfg'k j[krs gSa fd rqedks bZeku ykus ds ckn fQj dkfQ+j cuk nsa ¼vkSj yqRQ rks ;s gS fd½ mu ij gd+ t+kfgj gks pqdk gS mlds ckn Hkh ¼;s reUuk ckd+h gS½ il rqe ekQ djks vkSj njxqt+j djks ;gk¡ rd fd [kq+nk viuk ¼dksbZ vkSj½ gqDe Hksts cs'kd [kq+nk gj pht+ ij d+kfnj gS ¼109½
vkSj uekt+ i<+rs jgks vkSj t+dkr fn;s tkvks vkSj tks dqN HkykbZ vius fy, ¼[kq+nk ds ;gk¡½ igys ls Hkst nksxs ml ¼ds lokc½ dks ekStwn ikvkxs tks dqN rqe djrs gks mls [kq+nk t+:j ns[k jgk gS ¼110½
vkSj ¼;gwn½ dgrs gSa fd ;gwn ¼ds flok½ vkSj ¼uqlSjk dgrs gSa fd½ uqlSjk ds flok dksbZ csfg'r esa tkus gh u ik,xk ;s muds [+;kyh iqyko gS ¼,s jlwy½ rqe mu ls dgks fd Hkyk vxj rqe lPps gks fd ge gh csfg'r esa tk,¡xs rks viuh nyhy is'k djks ¼111½
gk¡ vycRrk ftl 'k[+l us [kq+nk ds vkxs viuk lj >qdk fn;k vkSj vPNs dke Hkh djrk gS rks mlds fy, mlds ijojfnxkj ds ;gk¡ mldk cnyk ¼ekStwn½ gS vkSj ¼vk[k+sjr esa½ ,sls yksxksa ij u fdlh rjg dk [k+kSQ+ gksxk vkSj u ,sls yksx x+ex+hu gksxs ¼112½
vkSj ;gwn dgrs gSa fd uqlSjk dk et+gc dqN ¼Bhd½ ugha vkSj uqlSjk dgrs gSa fd ;gwn dk et+gc dqN ¼Bhd½ ugha gkyk¡fd ;s nksuksa Qjhd+ fdrkcs ¼[kq+nk½ i<+rs jgrs gSa blh rjg mUgha tSlh ckrsa og ¼eq'kjsdhu vjc½ Hkh fd;k djrs gSa tks ¼[kq+nk ds ,gdke½ dqN ugha tkurs rks ftl ckr esa ;s yksx iM+s >xM+rs gSa ¼nqfu;k esa rks r; u gksxk½ d+;ker ds fnu [kq+nk muds njfE;ku Bhd QSlyk dj nsxk ¼113½
vkSj mlls c<+dj t+kfye dkSu gksxk tks [kq+nk dh elftnksa esa mldk uke fy, tkus ls ¼yksxksa dks½ jksds vkSj mudh cjcknh ds nj is gks] ,slksa gh dks mlesa tkuk equkflc ugha exj lges gq, ,sls gh yksxksa ds fy, nqfu;k eas :lokbZ gS vkSj ,sls gh yksxksa ds fy, vk[k+sjr esa cM+k Hkkjh vt+kc gS ¼114½
¼rqEgkjs elftn esa jksdus ls D;k gksrk gS D;ksafd lkjh t+ehu½ [kq+nk gh dh gS ¼D;k½ iwjc ¼D;k½ ifPNe cl tgk¡ dgha fd+Cys dh rjQ :[k+ djks ogh [kq+nk dk lkeuk gS cs'kd [kq+nk cM+h xqUtkb'k okyk vkSj [kw+c okfd+Q gS ¼115½
vkSj ;gwn dgus yxs fd [kq+nk vkSykn j[krk gS gkyk¡fd og ¼bl c[ksM+s ls½ ikd gS cfYd tks dqN t+ehu o vkleku esa gS lc mlh dk gS vkSj lc mldh ds Qjekcjnkj gSa ¼116½
¼ogh½ vkleku o t+ehu dk eksftn gS vkSj tc fdlh dke dk djuk Bku ysrk gS rks mldh fulcr flQZ dg nsrk gS fd Þgks tkß il og ¼[kq+n c [kq+n½ gks tkrk gS ¼117½
vkSj tks ¼eq'kjsdhu½ dqN ugha tkurs dgrs gSa fd [kq+nk gels ¼[kq+n½ dyke D;ksa ugha djrk] ;k gekjs ikl ¼[kq+n½ dksbZ fu'kkuh D;ksa ugha vkrh] blh rjg mUgha dh lh ckrs og dj pqds gSa tks muls igys Fks mu lc ds fny vkil esa feyrs tqyrs gSa tks yksx ;d+hu j[krs gSa mudks rks viuh fu'kkfu;k¡ D;ksa lkQrkSj ij fn[kk pqds ¼118½
¼,s jlwy½ geus rqedks nhus gd+ ds lkFk ¼csfg'r dh½ [kq+'k[k+cjh nsus okyk vkSj ¼vt+kc ls½ Mjkus okyk cukdj Hkstk gS vkSj nkst+f[k+;ksa ds ckjs esa rqels dqN u iwNk tk,xk ¼119½
vkSj ¼,s jlwy½ u rks ;gwnh dHkh rqels jt+kean gksxs u uqlSjk ;gk¡ rd fd rqe muds et+gc dh iSjoh djks ¼,s jlwy muls½ dg nks fd cl [kq+nk gh dh fgnk;r rks fgnk;r gS ¼ckd+h <dkslyk gS½ vkSj vxj rqe blds ckn Hkh fd rqEgkjs ikl bYe ¼d+qjku½ vk pqdk gS mudh [+okfg'kksa ij pys rks ¼;kn jgs fd fQj½ rqedks [kq+nk ¼ds x+t+c½ ls cpkus okyk u dksbZ ljijLr gksxk u ennxkj ¼120½
ftu yksxksa dks geus fdrkc ¼dq+jku½ nh gS og yksx mls bl rjg i<+rs jgrs gSa tks mlds i<+us dk gd+ gS ;gh yksx ml ij bZeku ykrs gSa vkSj tks mlls budkj djrs gSa ogh yksx ?kkVs esa gSa ¼121½
cuh bljkbZy esjh mu usverksa dks ;kn djks tks eSaua rqe dks nh gSa vkSj ;s fd eSaus rqedks lkjs tgk¡u ij Qt+hyr nh ¼122½
vkSj ml fnu ls Mjks ftl fnu dksbZ 'k[+l fdlh dh rjQ ls u fQn;k gks ldsxk vkSj u mldh rjQ ls dksbZ eqvkost+k d+qcwy fd;k tk,xk vkSj u dksbZ flQkfj'k gh Qk;nk igqpk¡ ldsxh] vkSj u yksx enn fn, tk,¡xs ¼123½
¼,s jlwy½ cuh bljkbZy dks og oD+r Hkh ;kn fnykvks tc bcjkghe dks muds ijojfnxkj us pUn ckrksa esa vkt+ek;k vkSj mUgksaus iwjk dj fn;k rks [kq+nk us Qjek;k eSa rqedks ¼yksxksa dk½ is'kok cukus okyk gw¡ ¼gt+jr bcjkghe us½ vt+Z dh vkSj esjh vkSykn esa ls Qjek;k ¼gk¡ exj½ esjs bl vgn ij t+kfyeksa esa ls dksbZ 'k[+l Q+k;t+ ugha gks ldrk ¼124½
¼,s jlwy og oD+r Hkh ;kn fnykvks½ tc geus [k+ku, dkck dks yksxksa ds lokc vkSj iukg dh txg d+jkj nh vkSj gqDe fn;k x;k fd bcjkghe dh ¼bl½ txg dks uekt+ dh txg cukvks vkSj bcjkghe o blekby ls vgn o iSeku fy;k fd esjs ¼ml½ ?kj dks rokQ+ vkSj ,rd+kQ+ vkSj :dw vkSj ltnk djus okyksa ds okLrs lkQ lqFkjk j[kks ¼125½
vkSj ¼,s jlwy og oD+r Hkh ;kn fnykvks½ tc bcjkghe us nqvk ek¡xh fd ,s esjs ijojfnxkj bl ¼'kgj½ dks iukg o veu dk 'kgj cuk] vkSj mlds jgus okyksa esa ls tks [kq+nk vkSj jkst+s vkf[k+jr ij bZeku yk, mldks rjg&rjg ds Qy [kkus dks nsa [kq+nk us Qjek;k ¼vPNk exj½ oks dqÝ b[+krs;kj djsxk mldh nqfu;k esa pUn jkst+ ¼mu pht+ks ls½ Qk;nk mBkus nw¡xk fQj ¼vk[k+sjr esa½ mldks etcwj djds nkst+[k+ dh rjQ [khap ys tkÅ¡xk vkSj og cgqr cqjk fBdkuk gS ¼126½
vkSj ¼og oD+r ;kn fnykvks½ tc bcjkghe o blekbZy [k+kuk, dkck dh cqfu;knsa cqyUn dj jgs Fks ¼vkSj nqvk½ ek¡xrs tkrs Fks fd ,s gekjs ijojfnxkj gekjh ¼;s f[k+ner½ dq+cwy dj cs'kd rw gh ¼nwvk dk½ lquus okyk ¼vkSj mldk½ tkuus okyk gS ¼127½
¼vkSj½ ,s gekjs ikyus okys rw gesa viuk Qjekcjnkj cUnk cuk gekjh vkSykn ls ,d fxjksg ¼iSnk dj½ tks rsjk Qjekcjnkj gks] vkSj gedks gekjs gt dh txgksa fn[kk ns vkSj gekjh rkSck d+qcwy dj] cs'kd rw gh cM+k rkSck dq+cwy djus okyk esgjcku gS ¼128½
¼vkSj½ ,s gekjs ikyus okys eDds okyksa esa mUgha esa ls ,d jlwy dks Hkst tks mudks rsjh vk;rsa i<+dj lquk, vkSj vklekuh fdrkc vkSj vD+y dh ckrsa fl[kk, vkSj mu ¼ds uqQ+wl½ ds ikdht+k dj nsa cs'kd rw gh x+kfyc vkSj lkfgcs rnchj gS ¼129½
vkSj dkSu gS tks bcjkghe ds rjhd+s ls uQjr djs exj tks vius dks vged+ cuk, vkSj cs'kd geus mudks nqfu;k esa Hkh eqfUr[k+c dj fy;k vkSj og t+:j vk[k+sjr esa Hkh vPNksa gh esa ls gksxs ¼130½
tc muls muds ijojfnxkj us dgk bLyke dq+cwy djks rks vt+Z esa lkjs tgk¡ ds ijojfnxkj ij bLyke yk;k ¼131½
vkSj blh rjhds+ dh bcjkghe us viuh vkSykn ls olh;r dh vkSj ;kdw+c us ¼Hkh½ fd ,s Qjt+Unksa [kq+nk us rqEgkjs okLrs bl nhu ¼bLyke½ dks ilUn Qjek;k gS il rqe gjfxt+ u ejuk exj eqlyeku gh gksdj ¼132½
¼,s ;gwn½ D;k rqe ml oD+r ekStwn Fks tc ;kdw+c ds lj ij ekSr vk [kM+h gqbZ ml oD+r mUgksaus vius csVksa ls dgk fd esjs ckn fdlh dh bcknr djksxs dgus yxs ge vki ds ekcwn vkSj vki ds cki nknkvksa bcjkghe o bLekby o blgkd+ ds ekcwn o ;drk [kq+nk dh bcknr djsaxs vkSj ge mlds Qjekcjnkj gSa ¼133½
¼,s ;gwn½ og yksx Fks tks py cls tks mUgksaus dek;k muds vkxs vk;k vkSj tks rqe dekvksxs rqEgkjs vkxs vk,xk vkSj tks dqN Hkh og djrs Fks mldh iwNxN rqels ugha gksxh ¼134½
¼;gwnh bZlkbZ eqlyekuksa ls½ dgrs gSa fd ;gwn ;k uqljSuh gks tkvks rks jkgs jkLr ij vk tkvksxs ¼,s jlwy muls½ dg nks fd ge bcjkghe ds rjhd+s ij gSa tks ckfry ls drjk dj pyrs Fks vkSj eq'kjsdhu ls u Fks ¼135½
¼vkSj ,s eqlyekuksa rqe ;s½ dgks fd ge rks [kq+nk ij bZeku yk, gSa vkSj ml ij tks ge ij ukft+y fd;k x;k ¼dq+jku½ vkSj tks lghQ+s bcjkghe o blekby o blgkd+ o ;kdw+c vkSj vkSykns ;kdw+c ij ukft+y gq, Fks ¼mu ij½ vkSj tks fdrkc ewlk o bZlk dks nh xbZ ¼ml ij½ vkSj tks vkSj iSx+Ecjksa dks muds ijojfnxkj dh rjQ ls mUgsa fn;k x;k ¼ml ij½ ge rks muesa ls fdlh ¼,d½ esa Hkh rQjhd+ ugha djrs vkSj ge rks [kq+nk gh ds Qjekcjnkj gSa ¼136½
il vxj ;s yksx Hkh mlh rjg bZeku yk, gSa ftl rjg rqe rks vycRrk jkgs jkLr ij vk x, vkSj vxj og bl rjhds+ ls eq¡g Qsj ysa rks cl og flQZ rqEgkjh gh ft+n ij gS rks ¼,s jlwy½ mu ¼ds 'kj½ ls ¼cpkus dks½ rqEgkjs fy, [kq+nk dkQ+h gksxk vkSj og ¼lcdh gkyr½ [kw+c tkurk ¼vkSj½ lqurk gS ¼137½
¼eqlyekuksa ls dgks fd½ jax rks [kq+nk gh dk jax gS ftlesa rqe jaxs x, vkSj [kqnkbZ jax ls csgrj dkSu jax gksxk vkSj ge rks mlh dh bcknr djrs gSa ¼138½
¼,s jlwy½ rqe muls iwNks fd D;k rqe ge ls [kq+nk ds ckjs >xM+rs gks gkyk¡fd ogh gekjk ¼Hkh½ ijojfnxkj gS ¼ogh½ rqEgkjk Hkh ¼ijojfnxkj gS½ gekjs fy, gS gekjh dkjxqt+kfj;k¡ vkSj rqEgkjs fy, rqEgkjh dkjlrkfu;k¡ vkSj ge rks fujs[kjs mlh esa gSa ¼139½
D;k rqe dgrs gks fd bcjkghe o blekby o blgkd+ o vkykSnsa ;kdw+c lc ds lc ;gwnh ;k uqlSjuh Fks ¼,s jlwy muls½ iwNks rks fd rqe T+;knk okfd+Q+ gks ;k [kq+nk vkSj mlls c<+dj dkSu t+kfye gksxk ftlds ikl [kq+nk dh rjQ ls xokgh ¼ekStwn½ gks ¼fd og ;gwnh u Fks½ vkSj fQj og fNik, vkSj tks dqN rqe djrs gks [kq+nk mlls cs[k+cj ugha ¼140½
;s og yksx Fks tks fl/kkj pqds tks dqN dek x, muds fy, Fkk vkSj tks dqN rqe dekvksxs rqEgkjs fy, gksxk vkSj tks dqN og dj xqt+js mldh iwNxN rqels u gksxh ¼141½
ckt+ vged+ yksx ;s dg cSBsxsa fd eqlyeku ftl fd+cys cSrqy eqd+íl dh rjQ igys ls ltnk djrs Fks ml ls nwljs fd+cys dh rjQ eqM+ tkus dk ckbl gqvkA ,s jlwy rqe muds tokc esa dgks fd iwjc ifPNe lc [+kqnk dk gS ftls pkgrk gS lh/ks jkLrs dh rjQ fgnk;r djrk gS ¼142½
vkSj ftl rjg rqEgkjs fd+cys ds ckjs esa fgnk;r dh mlh rjg rqe dks vkfny mEer cuk;k rkfd vkSj yksxksa ds eqd+kcys esa rqe xokg cuks vkSj jlwy eksgEen rqEgkjs eqd+kcys esa xokg cusa vkSj ¼,s jlwy½ ftl fd+cys dh rjQ+ rqe igys lt+nk djrs Fks ge us mldks dks flQZ bl otg ls fd+cyk d+jkj fn;k Fkk fd tc fd+cyk cnyk tk, rks ge mu yksxksa dks tks jlwy dh iSjoh djrs gSa ge mu yksxksa ls vyx ns[k ysa tks myVs iko fQjrs gSa vxjps ;s myV Qsj flok mu yksxksa ds ftu dh [+kqnk us fgnk;r dh gS lc ij Ókd+ t+#j gS vkSj [k+qnk ,slk ugha gS fd rqEgkjs bZeku uekt+ dks tks cSrqyeqd+íl dh rjQ i<+ pqds gks cjckn dj ns cs’kd [+kqnk yksxksa ij cM+k gh jQ+hd o esgjcku gSA ¼143½
,s jlwy fd+cyk cnyus ds okLrs cs’kd rqEgkjk ckj ckj vkleku dh rjQ eq¡g djuk ge ns[k jgs gSa rks ge t+#j rqe dks ,sls fd+cys dh rjQ Qsj nsxsa fd rqe fugky gks tkvks vPNk rks uekt+ gh esa rqe efLt+ns eksgrje dkcs dh rjQ eq¡g dj yks vkSj ,s eqlyekuksa rqe tgk¡ dgh Hkh gks mlh dh rjQ+ viuk eq¡g dj fy;k djks vkSj ftu yksxksa dks fdrkc rkSjsr oxS+jg nh x;h gS og c[+kwch tkurs gSa fd ;s rcnhy fd+cys cgqr ctk o nq#Lr gS vkSj ml ds ijojfnxkj dh rjQ+ ls gS vkSj tks dqN og yksx djrs gSa ml ls [+kqnk cs[k+cj ugh ¼144½
vkSj vxj ,gys fdrkc ds lkeus nqfu;k dh lkjh nyhys is’k dj nksxs rks Hkh og rqEgkjs fd+cys dks u ekusaxsa vkSj u rqe gh muds fd+cys dks ekuus okys gks vkSj [+kqn ,gys fdrkc Hkh ,d nwljs ds fd+cys dks ugha ekurs vkSj tks bYe d+qjku rqEgkjs ikl vk pqdk gS mlds ckn Hkh vxj rqe mudh [+okfg’k ij pys rks vycÙkk rqe ukQ+jeku gks tkvksxs ¼145½
ftu yksxksa dks geus fdrkc ¼rkSjSr ox+Sjg½ nh gS og ftl rjg vius csVksa dks igpkurs gS mlh rjg rjg og ml iSx+Ecj dks Hkh igpkurs gSa vkSj mu esa dqN yksx rks ,sls Hkh gSa tks nhn, o nkfuLrk ¿tku cq>djÀ gd+ ckr dks fNikrs gSa ¼146½
,s jlwy rcnhys fd+cyk rqEgkjs ijojfnxkj dh rjQ ls gd+ gS il rqe dgha Ód djus okyksa esa ls u gks tkuk ¼147½
vkSj gj Qjhd+ ds okLrs ,d flEr gS mlh dh rjQ og uekt+ esa viuk eq¡g dj ysrk gS il rqe ,s eqlyekuksa >xM+s dks NksM+ nks vkSj usfd;ksa es mu ls yid ds vkxs c<+ tkvks rqe tgk¡ dgha gksxs [k+qnk rqe lcdks viuh rjQ ys vk,sxk cs’kd [k+qnk gj pht+ ij d+kfnj gS ¼148½
vkSj ¼,s jlwy½ rqe tgk¡ ls tkvks ¼;gk¡ rd eDdk ls½ rks Hkh uekt+ es rqe viuk eq¡g efLt+ns eksgrje ¼dkck½ dh rjQ+ dj fy;k djks vkSj cs’kd ;s u;k fd+cyk rqEgkjs ijojfnxkj dh rjQ ls gd+ gS ¼149½
vkSj rqEgkjs dkeksa ls [k+qnk x+kfQy ugh gS vkSj ¼,s jlwy½ rqe tgk¡ ls tkvks ¼;gk¡ rd ds eDdk ls rks Hkh½ rqe ¼uekt+ esa½ viuk eq¡g efLt+ns gjke dh rjQ dj fy;k djks vkSj ¼,s jlwy½ rqe tgk¡ dgh gqvk djks rks uekt+ esa viuk eq¡g mlh dkck dh rjQ+ dj fy;k djks ¼ckj ckj gqDe nsus dk ,d Qk;nk ;s gS rkfd ykskxksa dk bYt+ke rqe ij u vkus ik, exj mu esa ls tks yksx ukgd+ gB/kehZ djrs gSa og rks t+#j bYt+ke nsxsa½ rks rqe yksx muls Mjks ugha vkSj flQ+Z eq>ls Mjks vkSj ¼nwljk Q+k;nk ;s gS½ rkfd rqe ij viuh usver iwjh dj nw¡ ¼150½
vkSj rhljk Qk;nk ;s gS rkfd rqe fgnk;r ikvks eqlyekuksa ;s ,glku Hkh oSlk gh gS tSls ge us rqe esa rqe gh esa dk ,d jlwy Hkstk tks rqedks gekjh vk;rsa i<+ dj lquk, vkSj rqEgkjs u¶+l dks ikdht+k djs vkSj rqEgsa fdrkc d+qjku vkSj vD+y dh ckrsa fl[kk, vkSj rqe dks og ckrsa crka, ftu dh rqEgsa igys ls [kcj Hkh u Fkh ¼151½
il rqe gekjh ;kn j[kks rks eS Hkh rqEgkjk ft+Ø ¼[kS+j½ fd;k d#xk¡ vkSj esjk ÓqfØ;k vnk djrs jgks vkSj uk’kqØh u djks ¼152½
,s bZekunkjksa eqlhcr ds oD+r lcz vkSj uekt+ ds t+fj, ls [k+qnk dh enn ek¡xksa cs’kd [k+qnk lcz djus okyksa gh dk lkFkh gS ¼153½
vkSj tks yksx [k+qnk dh jkg esa ekjs x, mUgsa dHkh eqnkZ u dguk cfYd og yksx ft+Unk gSa exj rqe mudh ft+Unxh dh gd+hdr dk dqN Hkh ÓÅj ugha j[krs ¼154½
vkSj ge rqEgsa dqN [kkSQ+ vkSj Hkw[k ls vkSj ekyksa vkSj tkuksa vkSj Qyksa dh deh ls t+#j vkt+ek,xsa vkSj ¼,s jlwy½ ,sls lcz djus okyksa dks [+kq’k[+kcjh ns nks ¼155½
fd tc mu ij dksbZ eqlhcr vk iM+h rks og ¼cslk[+rk½ cksy mBs ge rks [k+qnk gh ds gSa vkSj ge mlh dh rjQ ykSV dj tkus okys gSa ¼156½
mUgha yksxksa ij muds ijojfnxkj dh rjQ ls buk;rsa gSa vkSj jger vkSj ;gh yksx fgnk;r ;k¶+rk gS ¼157½
cs’kd ¼dksgs½ lQ+k vkSj ¼dksg½ ejok [k+qnk dh fu’kkfu;ksa esa ls gSa il tks Ó[+l [k+ku, dkck dk gt ;k mejk djs ml ij mu nksuks ds ¼njfe;ku½ rokQ+ ¼vken vks j¶r½ djus esa dqN xqukg ugha ¼cfYd lokc gS½ vkSj tks Ó[+l [kq’k [kq’k usd dke djs rks fQj [k+qnk Hkh d+njnk¡ ¼vkSj½ okfd+Q+dkj gS ¼158½
cs’kd tks yksx gekjh bu jkS’ku nyhyksa vkSj fgnk;rksa dks ftUgsa geus ukft+y fd;k mlds ckn fNikrs gSa tcfd ge fdrkc rkSjSr esa yksxksa ds lkeus lkQ+ lkQ+ c;ku dj pqds gSa rks ;gh yksx gSa ftu ij [+kqnk Hkh ykur djrk gS vkSj ykur djus okys Hkh ykur djrs gSa ¼159½
exj ftu yksxksa us ¼gd+ fNikus ls½ rkSck dh vkSj viuh [k+jkch dh blykg dj yh vkSj tks fdrkcs [k+qnk esa gS lkQ+ lkQ+ c;ku dj fn;k il mu dh rkSck eS d+qcwy djrk gw¡ vkSj eS rks cM+k rkSck d+qcwy djus okyk esgjcku gw¡ ¼160½
cs’kd ftu yksxksa usa dqÝ ,[+rs;kj fd;k vkSj dqÝ+ gh dh gkyr esa ej x, mUgh ij [k+qnk dh vkSj Qfj’rksa dh vkSj reke yksxksa dh ykur gS ges’kk mlh QVdkj esa jgsaxs ¼161½
u rks muds vt+kc gh esa r[+Q+hQ+ ¿dehÀ dh tk,xh ¼162½
vkSj u mudks vt+kc ls eksgyr nh tk,xh vkSj rqEgkjk ekcwn rks ogh ;drk [k+qnk gS ml ds flok dksbZ ekcwn ugha tks cM+k esgjcku jge okyk gS ¼163½
cs’kd vkleku o t+ehu dh iSnkb’k vkSj jkr fnu ds jíks cny esa vkSj d+f’r;ksa tgkt+ksa esa tks yksxksa ds uQs+ dh pht+s ¼ekys frtkjr oxS+jg nfj;k½ esa ys dj pyrs gSa vkSj ikuh esa tks [k+qnk us vkleku ls cjlk;k fQj ml ls t+ehu dks eqnkZ ¼csdkj½ gksus ds ckn ftyk fn;k ¼’kknkc dj fn;k½ vkSj ml esa gj fd+Le ds tkuoj QSyk fn;s vkSj gokvksa ds pykus esa vkSj vcz esa tks vkleku o t+ehu ds njfe;ku [k+qnk ds gqDe ls f?kjk jgrk gS ¼bu lc ckrksa esa½ vD+y okyksa ds fy, cM+h cM+h fu’kkfu;k¡ gSa ¼164½
vkSj ckt+ yksx ,sls Hkh gSa tks [+k+qnk ds flok vkSjksa dks Hkh [k+qnk dk fely o Ójhd cukrs gSa ¼vkSj½ tSlh eksgCcr [k+qnk ls j[kuh pkfg, oSlh gh mu ls j[krs gSa vkSj tks yksx bZekunkj gSa og mu ls dgha c<+ dj [k+qnk dh myQ+r j[krs gSa vkSj dk’k t+kfyeksa dks ¼bl oD+r½ og ckr lw>rh tks vt+kc ns[kus ds ckn lw>sxh fd ;d+huu gj rjg dh d+wor [k+qnk gh dks gS vkSj ;s fd cs’kd [k+qnk cM+k l[+r vt+kc okyk gS ¼165½
¼og D;k l[+r oD+r gksxk½ tc is’kok yksx vius iSjoks ls viuk ihNk NqM+k,xs vkSj ¼c p’esa [k+qn½ vt+kc dks ns[ksxsa vkSj muds ckgeh rkYyqd+kr VwV tk,¡xs ¼166½
vkSj iSjo dgus yxsaxs fd vxj gesa dgha fQj ¼nqfu;k esa½ iyVuk feys rks ge Hkh mu ls blh rjg vyx gks tk;saxs ftl rjg ,Su oD+r ij ;s yksx ge ls vyx gks x, ;w¡ gh [k+qnk mu ds vkeky dks fn[kk,xk tks mUgsa ¼lj rkik ikl gh½ ikl fn[kkbZ nsaxsa vkSj fQj Hkyk dc og nkst+[k+ ls fudy ldrsa gSa ¼167½
,s yksxksa tks dqN t+ehu esa gSa ml esa ls gyky o ikdht+k pht+ ¼’kkSd+ ls½ [kkvks vkSj ÓSrku ds d+ne c d+ne u pyks og rks rqEgkjk t+kfgj c t+kfgj nq’eu gS ¼168½
og rks rqEgsa cqjkbZ vkSj cndkjh gh dk gqDe djsxk vkSj ;s pkgsxk fd rqe cs tkus cw>s [k+qnk ij cksgrku ck¡/kksa ¼169½
vkSj tc mu ls dgk tkrk gS fd tks gqDe [k+qnk dh rjQ ls ukft+y gqvk gS ml dks ekuks rks dgrs gSa fd ugha cfYd ge rks mlh rjhd+s ij pysaxs ftl ij geus vius cki nknkvksa dks ik;k vxjps mu ds cki nknk dqN Hkh u le>rs gksa vkSj u jkgs jkLr gh ij pyrs jgs gksa ¼170½
vkSj ftu yksxksa us dqÝ ,[+rs;kj fd;k mu dh felky rks ml Ó[+l dh felky gS tks ,sls tkuoj dks iqdkj ds viuk gyd+ QkM+s tks vkokt+ vkSj iqdkj ds flok lqurk ¼le>rk [k+kd½ u gks ;s yksx cgjs xw¡xs vU/ksa gSa fd [k+kd ugha le>rs ¼171½
,s bZekunkjksa tks dqN ge us rqEgsa fn;k gS ml esa ls lqFkjh pht+sa ¼’kkSd+ ls½ [kkvksa vkSj vxj [k+qnk gh dh bcknr djrs gks rks mlh dk ÓqØ djks ¼172½
mlus rks rqe ij cl eqnkZ tkuoj vkSj [kw+u vkSj lwvj dk xks’r vkSj og tkuoj ftl ij t+cg ds oD+r [k+qnk ds flok vkSj fdlh dk uke fy;k x;k gks gjke fd;k gS il tks Ó[+l etcwj gks vkSj ljd’kh djus okyk vkSj T+;knrh djus okyk u gks ¼vkSj mues ls dksbZ pht+ [kk ys½ rks mlij xqukg ugha gS cs’kd [k+qnk cM+k c[+’kus okyk esgjcku gS ¼173½
cs’kd tks yksx bu ckrksa dks tks [k+qnk us fdrkc esa ukft+y dh gS fNikrs gSa vkSj mlds cnys FkksM+h lh d+her ¼nqu;koh uQ+k½ ys ysrsa gS ;s yksx cl v¡xkjksa ls vius isV Hkjrs gSa vkSj d+;ker ds fnu [k+qnk mu ls ckr rd rks djsxk ugha vkSj u mUgsa ¼xqukgksa ls½ ikd djsxk vkSj mUgha ds fy, nnZukd vt+kc gS ¼174½
;gh yksx og gSa ftUgksaus fgnk;r ds cnys xqejkgh eksy yh vkSj cf[ÓÓ ¼[k+qnk½ ds cnys vt+kc il og yksx nkst+[k+ dh vkx ds D;ksadj cjnk’r djsaxs ¼175½
;s blfy, fd [k+qnk us cjgd+ fdrkc ukft+y dh vkSj cs’kd ftu yksxksa us fdrkcs [k+qnk esa jíks cny dh og yksx cM+s iYys njts dh eq[k+kysQr esa gSa ¼176½
usdh dqN ;gh FkksM+h gS fd uekt+ esa vius eq¡g iwjc ;k if’pe dh rjQ+ dj yks cfYd usdh rks mldh gS tks [k+qnk vkSj jkst+s vkf[k+jr vkSj Q+fj’rksa vkSj [k+qnk dh fdrkcksa vkSj iSx+Ecjksa ij bZeku yk, vkSj mldh myQ+r esa viuk eky d+jkcr nkjksa vkSj ;rheksa vkSj eksgrktks vkSj ijnsfl;ksa vkSj ek¡xus okyksa vkSj ykSUMh x+qyke ¼ds xqyw [kyklh½ esa lQZ djs vkSj ikcUnh ls uekt+ i<s+ vkSj t+dkr nsrk jgs vkSj tc dksbZ ,gn fd;k rks vius d+kSy ds iwjs gks vkSj Q+Ø o Qkd+k jUt vkSj ?kqVu ds oD+r lkfcr d+ne jgs ;gh yksx og gSa tks nko, bZeku esa lPps fudys vkSj ;gh yksx ijgst+xkj gS ¼177½
,s eksfeuksa tks yksx ¼ukgd+½ ekj Mkys tk,¡ muds cnys esa rqe dks tku ds cnys tku ysus dk gqDe fn;k tkrk gS vkt+kn ds cnys vkt+kn vkSj x+qyke ds cnys x+qyke vkSj vkSjr ds cnys vkSjr il ftl ¼d+kfry½ dks mlds bZekuh HkkbZ rkfycs ds+lkl dh rjQ ls dqN ekQ+ dj fn;k tk;s rks mls Hkh mlds d+ne c d+ne usdh djuk vkSj [+kq’k evkeyrh ls ¼[k+wu cgk½ vnk dj nsuk pkfg, ;s rqEgkjs ijojfnxkj dh rjQ vklkuh vkSj esgjckuh gS fQj mlds ckn tks T+;knrh djs rks ml ds fy, nnZukd vt+kc gS ¼178½
vkSj ,s vd+yeunksa d+lkl ¼ds d+ok,n eqd+jZj dj nsus½ esa rqEgkjh ft+Unxh gS ¼vkSj blhfy, tkjh fd;k x;k gS rkfd rqe [k¡wjst+h ls½ ijgst+ djks ¼179½
¼eqlyekuksa½ rqe dks gqDe fn;k tkrk gS fd tc rqe esa ls fdlh ds lkeus ekSr vk [kM+h gks c’krsZ fd og dqN eky NksM+ tk,a rks ek¡ cki vkSj d+jkcrnkjksa ds fy, vPNh olh;r djsa tks [k+qnk ls Mjrs gSa mu ij ;s ,d gd+ gS ¼180½
fQj tks lqu pqdk mlds ckn mls dqN dk dqN dj ns rks ml dk xqukg mUgha yksxksa dh xjnu ij gS tks

mls cny Mkysa cs’kd [k+qnk lc dqN tkurk vkSj lqurk gS ¼181½
¼gk¡ vycÙkk½ tks Ó[+l olh;r djus okys ls cstk rjQ+nkjh ;k cs bUlkQh dk [k+kSQ j[krk gS vkSj mu okfjlksa esa lqyg djk ns rks ml ij cnyus dk dqN xqukg ugha gS cs’kd [k+qnk cM+k c[+’kus okyk esgjcku gS ¼182½
,s bZekunkjksa jkst+k j[kuk ftl rjg rqe ls igys ds yksxksa ij QtZ+ Fkk mlh rjQ rqe ij Hkh Qt+Z fd;k x;k rkfd rqe ml dh otg ls cgqr ls xqukgksa ls cpks ¼183½
¼og Hkh ges’kk ugha cfYd½ fxurh ds pUn jkst+ bl ij Hkh ¼jkst+s ds fnuksa esa½ tks Ó[+l rqe esa ls chekj gks ;k lQj esa gks rks vkSj fnuksa esa ftrus d+t+k gq, gks½ fxu ds j[k ys vkSj ftUgsa jkst+k j[kus dh dw+or gS vkSj u j[ksa rks mu ij ml dk cnyk ,d eksgrkt dks [kkuk f[kyk nsuk gS vkSj tks Ó[+l viuh [k+q’kh ls HkykbZ djs rks ;s ml ds fy, T+;knk csgrj gS vkSj vxj rqe le>nkj gks rks ¼le> yks fd fQn;s ls½ jkst+k j[kuk rqEgkjs gd+ esa cgjgky vPNk gS ¼184½
¼jkst+ksa dk½ eghuk jet+ku gS ftl esa d+qjku ukft+y fd;k x;k tks yksxksa dk jguqek gS vkSj mlesa jguqekbZ vkSj ¼gd+ o ckfry ds½ reht+ dh jkS’ku fu’kkfu;k¡ gSa ¼eqlyekuksa½ rqe esa ls tks Ó[+l bl eghusa esa viuh txg ij gks rks mldks pkfg, fd jkst+k j[ks vkSj tks Ó[+l chekj gks ;k fQj lQ+j esa gks rks vkSj fnuksa esa jkst+s dh fxurh iwjh djs [k+qnk rqEgkjs lkFk vklkuh djuk pkgrk gS vkSj rqEgkjs lkFk l[+rh djuh ugha pkgrk vkSj ¼Óqekj dk gqDe bl fy, fn;k gS½ rkfd rqe ¼jkst+ks dh½ fxurh iwjh djks vkSj rkfd [k+qnk us tks rqe dks jkg ij yxk fn;k gS ml usver ij ml dh cM+kbZ djks vkSj rkfd rqe ÓqØ xqt+kj cuks ¼185½
¼,s jlwy½ tc esjs cUns esjk gky rqels iwNs rks ¼dg nks fd½ eS mu ds ikl gh gw¡ vkSj tc eq>ls dksbZ nqvk ek¡xrk gS rks eS gj nqvk djus okyksa dh nqvk ¼lqu ysrk gw¡ vkSj tks equkflc gks rks½ d+qcwy djrk gw¡ il mUgsa pkfg, fd esjk Hkh dguk ekus½ vkSj eq> ij bZeku yk,¡ ¼186½
rkfd og lh/kh jkg ij vk tk, ¼eqlyekuksa½ rqEgkjs okLrs jkst+ksa dh jkrksa esa viuh chfo;ksa ds ikl tkuk gyky dj fn;k x;k vkSjrsa ¼xks;k½ rqEgkjh pksyh gSa vkSj rqe ¼xks;k mu ds nkeu gks½ [k+qnk us ns[kk fd rqe ¼xqukg½ djds viuk uqdlku djrs ¼fd vk¡[k cpk ds viuh chch ds ikl pys tkrs Fks½ rks mlus rqEgkjh rkSck d+qcwy dh vkSj rqEgkjh [k+rk ls nj xqt+j fd;k il rqe vc muls ge fcLrjh djks vkSj ¼vkSykn½ tks dqN [k+qnk us rqEgkjs fy, ¼rd+nhj esa½ fy[k fn;k gS mls ek¡xksa vkSj [kkvks vkSj fi;ks ;gk¡ rd fd lqcg dh lQsn /kkjh ¼jkr dh½ dkyh /kkjh ls vkleku ij iwjc dh rjQ+ rd rqEgsa lkQ ut+j vkus yxs fQj jkr rd jkst+k iwjk djks vkSj gk¡ tc rqe efLt+nksa esa ,rsdkQ+ djus cSBks rks mu ls ¼jkr dks Hkh½ ge fcLrjh u djks ;s [k+qnk dh ¼eqv¸;qu dh gq;h½ gns gSa rks rqe muds ikl Hkh u tkuk ;w¡ [kqYye [kqYyk [k+qnk vius ,gdke yksxksa ds lkeus c;ku djrk gS rkfd og yksx ¼ukQ+jekuh ls½ cpsa ¼187½
vkSj vkil esa ,d nwljs dk eky ukgd+ u [kkvks vkSj u eky dks ¼fj’or esa½ gqDdke ds ;gk¡ >ksad nks rkfd yksxksa ds eky esa ls ¼tks½ dqN gkFk yxs ukgd+ [k+qnZ cqnZ dj tkvks gkykfd rqe tkurs gks ¼188½
¼,s jlwy½ rqe ls yksx pk¡n ds ckjs esa iwNrs gSa ¼fd D;ks ?kVrk c<+rk gS½ rqe dg nks fd mlls yksxksa ds ¼nqu;koh½ vez vkSj gt ds vod+kr ekywe gksrs gS vkSj ;s dksbZ Hkyh ckr ugh gS fd ?kjks esa fiNokM+s ls Qk¡n ds½ vkvks cfYd usdh mldh gS tks ijgst+xkjh djs vkSj ?kjksa esa vkuk gks rks½ muds njoktks+a dh rjQ ls vkvks vkSj [k+qnk ls Mjrs jgks rkfd rqe eqjkn dks igq¡pks ¼189½
vkSj tks yksx rqe ls yM+s rqe ¼Hkh½ [k+qnk dh jkg esa muls yM+ks vkSj T+;knrh u djks ¼D;ksafd½ [k+qnk T+;knrh djus okyksa dks gjfxt+ nksLr ugha j[krk ¼190½
vkSj rqe mu ¼eq’kfjdksa½ dks tgk¡ ikvks ekj gh Mkyks vkSj mu yksxksa us tgk¡ ¼eDdk½ ls rqEgsa Ógj cnj fd;k gS rqe Hkh mUgsa fudky ckgj djks vkSj fQruk ijnkt+h ¼f’kdZ½ [kw¡jst+h ls Hkh c<+ ds gS vkSj tc rd og yksx ¼dq¶+Q+kj½ efLt+n gjke ¼dkck½ ds ikl rqe ls u yMs+ rqe Hkh mu ls ml txg u yM+ksa il vxj og rqe ls yM+s rks cs[kVds rqe Hkh mu dks d+Ry djks dkfQ+jksa dh ;gh lt+k gS ¼191½
fQj vxj og yksx ckt+ jgsa rks cs’kd [k+qnk cM+k c[+’kus okyk esgjcku gS ¼192½
vkSj mu ls yM+s tkvks ;gk¡ rd fd Q+lkn ckd+h u jgs vkSj flQZ+ [k+qnk gh dk nhu jg tk, fQj vxj og yksx ckt+ jgs rks mu ij T+;knrh u djks D;kasfd t+kfyeksa ds flok fdlh ij T+;knrh ¼vPNh½ ugha ¼193½
gqjer okyk eghuk gqjer okys eghus ds cjkcj gS ¼vkSj dqN eghus dh [kqlwfl;r ugha½ lc gqjer okyh phts+ ,d nwljs ds cjkcj gSa il tks Ó[+l rqe ij T+;knrh djs rks tSlh T+;knrh mlus rqe ij dh gS oSlh gh T+;knrh rqe Hkh ml ij djks vkSj [k+qnk ls Mjrs jgks vkSj [kw+c le> yks fd [k+qnk ijgst+xkjksa dk lkFkh gS ¼194½
vkSj [k+qnk dh jkg esa [k+pZ djks vkSj vius gkFk tku gykdr es u Mkyks vkSj usdh djks cs’kd [k+qnk usdh djus okyksa dks nksLr j[krk gS ¼195½
vkSj flQZ+ [k+qnk gh ds okLrs gt vkSj mejk dks iwjk djks vxj rqe chekjh oxS+jg dh otg ls etcwj gks tkvks rks fQj tSlh d+qjckuh e;Llj vk;s ¼dj nks½ vkSj tc rd dq+jckuh viuh txg ij u igq¡; tk;s vius lj u eq¡Mokvks fQj tc rqe esa ls dksbZ chekj gks ;k mlds lj esa dksbZ rdyhQ gks rks ¼lj eq¡Mokus dk cnyk½ jksts+ ;k [kS+jkr ;k dq+jckuh gS il tc eqrebu jgksa rks tks Ó[+l gt reRrks dk mejk djs rks mldks tks dq+jckuh e;Llj vk;s djuh gksxh vkSj ftl ls dq+jckuh uk eqefdu gks rks rhu jksts+ t+keku, gt esa ¼j[kus gkasxs½ vkSj lkr jksts+ tc rqe okil vkvks ;s iwjk ngkbZ gS ;s gqDe ml Ó[+l ds okLrs gS ftl ds yM+ds ckys efLt+nqy gjke ¼eDdk½ ds ckf’kUns u gks vkSj [k+qnk ls Mjks vkSj le> yks fd [k+qnk cM+k l[+r vt+kc okyk gS ¼196½
gt ds eghus rks ¼vc lc dks½ ekywe gSa ¼’kOoky] t+hd+knk] ftygt½ il tks Ó[+l mu eghuksa esa vius Åij gt ykft+e djs rks ¼,gjke ls vkf[k+j gt rd½ u vkSjr ds ikl tk, u dksbZ vkSj xqukg djs vkSj u >xMs+ vkSj usdh dk dksbZ lk dke Hkh djksa rks [k+qnk ml dks [kw+c tkurk gS vkSj ¼jkLrs ds fy,½ t+kn jkg eqfg¸;k djks vkSj lc es csgrj t+kn jkg ijgst+xkjh gS vkSj ,s vD+yeUnksa eq> ls Mjrs jgks ¼197½
bl esa dksbZ bYt+ke ugha gS fd ¼gt ds lkFk½ rqe vius ijojfnxkj ds Qt+y ¼uQ+k frtkjr½ dh [+okfg’k djks vkSj fQj tc rqe vjQkr ls py [kM+s gks rks e’kv#y gjke ds ikl [k+qnk dk ftØ djks vkSj ml dh ;kn Hkh djks rks ftl rjg rqEgs crk;k gS vxjps rqe blds igys rks xqejkgks ls Fks ¼198½
fQj tgk¡ ls yksx py [kM+s gksa ogha ls rqe Hkh py [kM+s gks vkSj mlls ex+fQjr dh nqvk ek¡xksa cs’kd [k+qnk cM+k c[+’kus okyk esgjcku gS ¼199½
fQj tc rqe vjd+kus gt ctk yk pqdks rks rqe bl rjg ft+Øs [k+qnk djks ftl rjg rqe vius cki nknkvksa dk ft+Ø djrs gks cfYd mlls c<+ dj ds fQj ckt+ yksx ,sls gSa tks dgrs gSa fd ,s esjs ijojfnxkj gedks tks ¼nsuk gS½ nqfu;k gh esa ns ns gkykfd ¼fQj½ vkf[k+jr esa mudk dqN fgLlk ugha ¼200½
vkSj ckt+ cUns ,sls gSa fd tks nqvk djrs gSa fd ,s esjs ikyus okys eq>s nqfu;k esa usver ns vkSj vkf[k+jr esa lokc ns vkSj nkst+[k+ dh ckx ls cpk ¼201½
;gh og yksx gSa ftuds fy, viuh dekbZ dk fgLlk pSu gS ¼202½
vkSj [k+qnk cgqr tYn fglkc ysus okyk gS ¼fuLQ+½ vkSj bu fxurh ds pUn fnuksa rd ¼rks½ [k+qnk dk ft+Ø djks fQj tks Ó[+l tYnh dj cSBS vkSj ¼feuk½ ls vkSj nks gh fnu esa py [k+M+k gks rks ml ij Hkh xqukg ugha gS vkSj tks ¼rhljs fnu rd½ Bgjk jgs ml ij Hkh dqN xqukg ugh ysfdu ;g fj;k;r mlds okLrs gS tks ijgst+xkj gks] vkSj [kq+nk ls Mjrs jgks vkSj ;d+hu tkuks fd ,d fnu rqe lc ds lc mldh rjQ d+czksa ls mBk, tkvksxs ¼203½
,s jlwy ckt+ yksx equkfQd+hu ls ,sls Hkh gSa ftudh fpduh pqiM+h ckrsa ¼bl t+jk lh½ nqu;koh ft+Unxh esa rqEgsa cgqr Hkkrh gS vkSj og viuh fnyh eksgCcr ij [k+qnk dks xokg eqd+jZj djrs gSa gkykWfd og rqEgkjs nq’euksa esa lcls T+;knk >xM+kyw gSa ¼204½
vkSj tgk¡ rqEgkjh eksgCcr ls eq¡g Qsjk rks b/kj m/kj nkSM+ /kwi djus yxk rkfd eqYd esa Q+lkn QSyk, vkSj t+jkvr ¿[ksrh ckM+hÀ vkSj eos’kh dk lR;kukl djs vkSj [k+qnk Qlkn dks vPNk ugha le>rk ¼205½
vkSj tc dgk tkrk gS fd [k+qnk ls Mjks rks mls x+q#j xqukg ij mHkkjrk gS cl ,sls dEc[+r ds fy, tgUuqe gh dkQ+h gS vkSj cgqr gh cqjk fBdkuk gS ¼206½
vkSj yksxksa esa ls [k+qnk ds cUns dqN ,sls gSa tks [+k+qnk dh ¼[+kq’kuwnh½ gkfly djus dh x+jt+ ls viuh tku rd csp Mkyrs gSa vkSj [k+qnk ,sls cUnksa ij cM+k gh Ó¶+D+d+r okyk gS ¼207½
bZeku okyksa rqe lcds lc ,d ckj bLyke esa ¼iwjh rjg ½ nkf[k+y gks tkvks vkSj ÓSrku ds d+ne c d+ne u pyks og rqEgkjk ;d+huh t+kfgj c t+kfgj nq’eu gS ¼208½
fQj tc rqEgkjs ikl jkS’ku nyhys vk pqdh mlds ckn Hkh Mxexk x, rks vPNh rjg le> yks fd [k+qnk ¼gj rjg½ x+kfyc vkSj rnchj okyk gS ¼209½
D;k og yksx blh ds eqUrft+j gSa fd lQsn ckny ds lk; ckuks dh vkM+ esa vt+kcs [k+qnk vkSj vt+kc ds Q+fj’rs mu ij gh vk tk, vkSj lc >xM+s pqd gh tkrs gkykWfd vkf[k+j dqy meqj [+k+qnk gh dh rjQ #tw fd, tk,¡xs ¼210½
¼,s jlwy½ cuh bljkby ls iwNks fd ge us mu dks dSlh dSlh jkS’ku fu’kkfu;k¡ nh vkSj tc fdlh Ó[+l ds ikl [k+qnk dh usver ¼fdrkc½ vk pqdh ml ds ckn Hkh ml dks cny Mkys rks cs’kd+ [k+qnk l[+r vt+kc okyk gS ¼211½
ftu yksxksa us dqÝ b[+rs;kj fd;k mu ds fy;s nqfu;k dh t+jk lh ft+Unxh [k+wc vPNh fn[kk;h x;h gS vkSj bekunkjksa ls el[kjkiu djrs gSa gkykWfd d+;ker ds fnu ijgst+xkjksa dk njtk muls ¼dgha½ c<+ p<+ ds gksxk vkSj [k+qnk ftl dks pkgrk gS cs fglkc jkst+h vrk Qjekrk gS ¼212½
¼igys½ lc yksx ,d gh nhu j[krs Fks ¼fQj vkil esa >xM+us yxs rc½ [k+qnk us utkr ls [+kq’k [k+cjh nsus okys vkSj vt+kc ls Mjkus okys iSx+Ecjksa dks Hkstk vkSj bu iSx+Ecjksa ds lkFk cjgd+ fdrkc Hkh ukft+y dh rkfd ftu ckrksa esa yksx >xM+rs Fks fdrkcs [+k+qnk ¼mldk½ Q+Slyk dj ns vkSj fQj vQ+lksl rks ;s gS fd bl gqDe ls b[+rsykQ fd;k Hkh rks mUgha yksxksa us ftu dks fdrkc nh x;h Fkh vkSj og Hkh tc mu ds ikl [k+qnk ds lkQ ,gdke vk pqds mlds ckn vkSj og Hkh vkil dh Ójkjr ls rc [k+qnk us viuh esgjckuh ls ¼[k+kfyl½ bZekunkjksa dks og jkgs gd+ fn[kk nh ftl esa mu yksxksa us b[+rsykQ Mky j[kk Fkk vkSj [+k+qnk ftl dks pkgs jkgs jkLr dh fgnk;r djrk gS ¼213½
D;k rqe ;s [+;ky djrs gks fd csg’r esa igq¡p gh tkvksxs gkykWfd vHkh rd rqEgs vxys t+ekus okyksa dh lh gkyr ugha is’k vk;h fd mUgsa rjg rjg dh rd+yhQksa ¼Qkd+k d’kh eksgrkth½ vkSj chekjh us ?ksj fy;k Fkk vkSj t+yt+ys esa bl d+nj f>a>ksMs+ x, fd vkf[k+j ¼vkft+t+ gks ds½ iSx+Ecj vkSj bZeku okys tks mu ds lkFk Fks dgus yxs nsf[k, [k+qnk dh enn dc ¼gksrh½ gS ns[kks ¼?kcjkvks ugha½ [+k+qnk dh enn ;d+huu cgqr d+jhc gS ¼214½
¼,s jlwy½ rqels yksx iwNrs gSa fd ge [k+qnk dh jkg esa D;k [kpZ djsa ¼rks rqe mUgsa½ tokc nks fd rqe viuh usd dekbZ ls tks dqN [kpZ djks rks ¼og rqEgkjs ek¡ cki vkSj d+jkcrnkjksa vkSj ;rheksa vkSj eksgrktks vkSj ijnsfl;ksa dk gd+ gS vkSj rqe dksbZ usd lk dke djks [+k+qnk mldks t+#j tkurk gS ¼215½
¼eqlyekuksa½ rqe ij ftgkn QtZ+ fd;k x;k vxjps rqe ij Ókd+ t+#j gS vkSj vtc ugha fd rqe fdlh pht+ ¼ftgkn½ dks ukilUn djks gkykWfd og rqEgkjs gd+ esa csgrj gks vkSj vtc ugha fd rqe fdlh pht+ dks ilUn djks gkykWfd og rqEgkjs gd+ esa cqjh gks vkSj [k+qnk ¼rks½ tkurk gh gS exj rqe ugh tkurs gks ¼216½
¼,s jlwy½ rqels yksx gqjer okys eghuksa dh fuLcr iwNrs gSa fd ¼vk;k½ ftgkn muesa tk;t+ gS rks rqe mUgsa tokc nks fd bu eghuksa esa tsgkn cM+k xqukg gS vkSj ;s Hkh ;kn jgs fd [+k+qnk dh jkg ls jksduk vkSj [k+qnk ls bUdkj vkSj efLtnqy gjke ¼dkck½ ls jksduk vkSj tks ml ds ,gy gS mudk efLtn ls fudky ckgj djuk
¼;s lc½ [k+qnk ds ut+nhd bl ls Hkh c<+dj xqukg gS vkSj fQ+ruk ijnkt+h dq’rh [+k+wu ls Hkh c<+ dj gS vkSj ;s dq¶+Q+kj ges’kk rqe ls yM+rs gh pys tk,¡xsa ;gk¡ rd fd vxj mu dk cl pys rks rqe dks rqEgkjs nhu ls fQjk ns vkSj rqe esa tks Ó[+l vius nhu ls fQjk vkSj dqÝ+ dh gkyr esa ej x;k rks ,slksa gh dk fd;k djk;k lc dqN nqfu;k vkSj vk[ks+jr ¼nksuksa½ esa vdkjr gS vkSj ;gh yksx tgUuqeh gSa ¼vkSj½ og mlh esa ges’kk jgsaxsa ¼217½
cs’kd ftu yksxksa us bZeku d+qcwy fd;k vkSj [k+qnk dh jkg esa fgtjr dh vkSj ftgkn fd;k ;gh yksx jgers [k+qnk ds mEehnokj gSa vkSj [k+qnk cM+k c[+’kus okyk esgjcku gS ¼218½
¼,s jlwy½ rqels yksx Ójkc vkSj tq, ds ckjs esa iwNrs gSa rks rqe mu ls dg nks fd bu nksuks esa cM+k xqukg gS vkSj dqN Qk;ns Hkh gSa vkSj mu ds Qk;ns ls mu dk xqukg c<+ ds gS vkSj rqe ls yksx iwNrs gSa fd [k+qnk dh jkg esa D;k [+kpZ djs rqe muls dg nks fd tks rqEgkjs t+#jr ls cps ;w¡ [k+qnk vius ,gdke rqe ls lkQ+ lkQ+ c;ku djrk gS ¼219½
rkfd rqe nqfu;k vkSj vkf[k+jr ¼ds ekeykr½ esa x+kSj djks vkSj rqe ls yksx ;rheksa ds ckjs esa iwNrs gSa rqe ¼mu ls½ dg nks fd mudh ¼blykg nq#Lrh½ csgrj gS vkSj vxj rqe mu ls feytqy dj jgks rks ¼dqN gtZ½ ugha vkf[k+j og rqEgkjsa HkkbZ gh rks gSa vkSj [k+qnk Q+lknh dks [k+Sj [+okg ls ¼vyx [k+wc½ tkurk gS vkSj vxj [k+qnk pkgrk rks rqe dks eqlhcr esa Mky nsrk cs’kd [k+qnk t+cjnLr fgd+er okyk gS ¼220½
vkSj ¼eqlyekuksa½ rqe eq’kfjd vkSjrksa ls tc rd bZeku u yk,¡ fudkg u djks D;ksafd eq’kfjdk vkSjr rqEgsa vius gqLuks teky esa dSlh gh vPNh D;ksa u ekywe gks exj fQj Hkh bZekunkj vkSjr ml ls t+#j vPNh gS vkSj eq’kjsdhu tc rd bZeku u yk,¡ viuh vkSjrsa mu ds fudkg esa u nks vkSj eq’kfjd rqEgs dSlk gh vPNk D;ks u ekywe gks exj fQj Hkh bZekunkj vkSjr ml ls t+#j vPNh gS vkSj eq’kjsdhu tc rd bZeku u yk,¡ viuh vkSjrsa mu ds fudkg esa u nks vkSj eq’kfjd rqEgsa D;k gh vPNk D;ksa u ekywe gks exj fQj Hkh cUnk eksfeu muls t+#j vPNk gS ;s ¼eq’kfjd enZ ;k vkSjr½ yksxksa dks nkst+[k+ dh rjQ cqykrs gSa vkSj [k+qnk viuh buk;r ls csfg’r vkSj cf[+’k’k dh rjQ cqykrk gS vkSj vius ,gdke yksxksa ls lkQ lkQ c;ku djrk gS rkfd ;s yksx psrs ¼221½
¼,s jlwy½ rqe ls yksx gSt+ ds ckjs esa iwNrs gSa rqe muls dg nks fd ;s xUnxh vkSj f?ku dh chekjh gS rks ¼v¸;kes gSt+½ esa rqe vkSjrksa ls vyx jgks vkSj tc rd og ikd u gks tk,¡ muds ikl u tkvks il tc og ikd gks tk,¡ rks ft/kj ls rqEgsa [k+qnk us gqDe fn;k gS mu ds ikl tkvks cs’kd [k+qnk rkSck djus okyks vkSj lqFkjs yksxksa dks ilUn djrk gS rqEgkjh chfo;k¡ ¼xks;k½ rqEgkjh [ksrh gSa ¼222½
rks rqe viuh [ksrh esa ftl rjg pkgks vkvks vkSj viuh vkbUnk dh HkykbZ ds okLrs ¼vkeky lkds½ is’kxh Hkstks vkSj [k+qnk ls Mjrs jgks vkSj ;s Hkh le> j[kks fd ,d fnu rqedks mlds lkeus tkuk gS vkSj ,s jlwy bekunkjksa dks utkr dh [k+q’k [k+cjh ns nks ¼223½
vkSj ¼eqlyekuksa½ rqe viuh d+leksa ¼ds ghys½ ls [k+qnk ¼ds uke½ dks yksxksa ds lkFk lqywd djus vkSj [k+qnk ls Mjus vkSj yksxksa ds njfe;ku lqyg djok nsus dk ekusv u Bgjko vkSj [k+qnk lcdh lqurk vkSj lc dks tkurk gS ¼224½
rqEgkjh yx+ks ¿csdkjÀ d+leksa ij tks csb[+rs;kj t+cku ls fudy tk, [k+qnk rqe ls fxj¶+rkj ugha djus dk exj mu dleksa ij t+#j rqEgkjh fxj¶+r djsxk tks rqeus d+lnu ¿tku djÀ fny ls [kk;ha gks vkSj [k+qnk c[+’kus okyk cqnZckj gS ¼225½
tks yksx viuh chfo;ksa ds ikl tkus ls d+le [kk;sa mu ds fy, pkj eghus dh eksgyr gS il vxj ¼og viuh d+le ls ml eqír esa ckt+ vk,½ vkSj mudh rjQ roTtks djsa rks cs’kd [k+qnk cM+k c[+’kus okyk esgjcku gS ¼226½
vkSj vxj rykd+ gh dh Bku ys rks ¼Hkh½ cs’kd [k+qnk lcdh lqurk vkSj lc dqN tkurk gS ¼227½
vkSj ftu vkSjrksa dks rykd+ nh x;h gS og vius vkidks rykd+ ds ckn rhu gSt+ ds [k+Re gks tkus rd fudkg lkuh ls jksds vkSj vxj og vkSjrsa [k+qnk vkSj jksts+ vkf[k+jr ij beku yk;ha gSa rks muds fy, tk,t+ ugha gS fd tks dqN Hkh [k+qnk us muds jge ¼isV½ esa iSnk fd;k gS mldks fNik,¡ vkSj vxj mu ds ÓkSgj esy tksy djuk pkgsa rks og ¼eqír et+dwjk½ esa mu ds okil cqyk ysus ds T+;knk gd+nkj gSa vkSj Ójh;r eqokfQd+ vkSjrksa dk ¼enksZa ij½ ogh lc dqN gd+ gS tks enksZa dk vkSjrksa ij gS gk¡ vycRrk enksZa dks ¼Q+thyr esa½ vkSjrksa ij QkSfd+;r t+#j gS vkSj [k+qnk t+cjnLr fgd+er okyk gS ¼228½
rykd+ jtvbZ ftlds ckn #tw gks ldrh gS nks gh ejrck gS mlds ckn ;k rks Ójh;r ds eokfQd+ jksd gh ysuk pkfg, ;k gqLu lqywd ls ¼rhljh nQ+k½ fcYdqy :[+klr vkSj rqe dks ;s tk;t+ ugha fd tks dqN rqe mUgsa ns pqds gks ml esa ls fQj dqN okil yks exj tc nksuksa dks bldk [k+kSQ+ gks fd [k+qnk us tks gnsa eqd+jZj dj nh gSa mu dks nksuks fe;k choh d+k;e u j[k ldsaxs fQj vxj rqEgs ¼,s eqlyekuks½ ;s [+kkSQ+ gks fd ;g nksuks [++kqnk dh eqdjZj dh gq;h gnks ij d+k;e u jgsaxs rks vxj vkSjr enZ dks dqN nsdj viuk ihNk NqM+k, ¼[kqyk djk,½ rks blesa mu nksuksa ij dqN xqukg ugha gS ;s [k+qnk dh eqd+jZj dh gq;h gnsa gSa cl mu ls vkxs u c<+ks vkSj tks [k+qnk dh eqd+jZj dh gq;h gnksa ls vkxs c<+rs gSa og gh yksx rks t+kfye gSa ¼229½
fQj vxj rhljh ckj Hkh vkSjr dks rykd+ ¼ckbu½ ns rks mlds ckn tc rd nwljs enZ ls fudkg u dj ys ml ds fy, gyky ugh gk¡ vxj nwljk ÓkSgj fudkg ds ckn mldks rykd+ ns ns rc vycÙkk mu fe;k chch ij ckge esy dj ysus esa dqN xqukg ugha gS vxj mu nksuksa dks ;g x+qeku gks fd [k+qnk gnksa dks d+k;e j[k ldsaxsa vkSj ;s [k+qnk dh ¼eqd+jZj dh gq;h½ gnsa gSa tks le>nkj yksxksa ds okLrs lkQ lkQ c;ku djrk gS ¼230½
vkSj tc rqe viuh chfo;ksa dks rykd+ nks vkSj mudh eqír iwjh gksus dks vk, rks vPNs muoku ls mu dks jksd yks ;k gqLus lqywd ls fcYdqy #[k+lr gh dj nks vkSj mUgsa rdyhQ igq¡pkus ds fy, u jksdks rkfd ¼fQj mu ij½ T+;knrh djus yxks vkSj tks ,slk djsxk rks ;d+huu vius gh ij tq+Ye djsxk vkSj [k+qnk ds ,gdke dks dqN g¡lh BV~Vk u le>ks vkSj [k+qnk us tks rqEgsa usversa nh gSa mUgsa ;kn djks vkSj tks fdrkc vkSj vD+y dh ckrsa rqe ij ukft+y dh muls rqEgkjh ulhgr djrk gS vkSj [k+qnk ls Mjrs jgks vkSj le> j[kks fd [k+qnk gj pht+ dks t+#j tkurk gS ¼231½
vkSj tc rqe vkSjrksa dks rykd+ nks vkSj og viuh eqír ¼bír½ iwjh dj ysa rks mUgsa vius ÓkSgjks ds lkFk fudkg djus ls u jksdksa tc vkil esa nksuksa fe;k choh Ójh;r ds eqokfQd+ vPNh rjg fey tqy tk,¡ ;s mlh Ó[+l dks ulhgr dh tkrh gS tks rqe esa ls [k+qnk vkSj jksts+ vk[ks+jr ij bZeku yk pqdk gks ;gh rqEgkjs gd+ esa cM+h ikdht+k vkSj lQ+kbZ dh ckr gS vkSj mldh [k+wch [k+qnk [kwc tkurk gS vkSj rqe ¼oSlk½ ugha tkurs gks ¼232½
vkSj ¼rykd+ nsus ds ckn½ tks Ó[+l viuh vkSykn dks iwjh eqír rd nw/k fiyokuk pkgs rks mldh [k+kfrj ls ek,¡ viuh vkSykn dks iwjs nks cjl nw/k fiyk,¡ vkSj ftldk og yM+dk gS ¼cki½ ml ij ekvksa dk [kkuk diM+k nLrwj ds eqrkfcd+ ykft+e gS fdlh Ó[+l dks t+ger ugha nh tkrh exj mldh xqUtkb’k Hkj u ek¡ dk ml ds cPps dh otg ls uqd+lku xokjk fd;k tk, vkSj u ftl dk yM+dk gS ¼cki½ mldk ¼cfYd nLrwj ds eqrkfcd+ fn;k tk,½ vkSj vxj cki u gks rks nw/k fiykus dk gd+ mlh rjg okfjl ij ykft+e gS fQj vxj nks cjl ds d+Cy ek¡ cki nksuksa viuh ejt+h vkSj e’kojs ls nw/k c<+kbZ djuk pkgsa rks mu nksuksa ij dksbZ xqukg ugha vkSj vxj rqe viuh vkSykn dks ¼fdlh vUuk ls½ nw/k fiyokuk pkgks rks ml esa Hkh rqe ij dqN xqukg ugha gS c’krsZ fd tks rqeus nLrwj ds eqrkfcd+ eqd+jZj fd;k gS mu ds gokys dj nks vkSj [k+qnk ls Mjrs jgks vkSj tku j[kks fd tks dqN rqe djrs gks [k+qnk t+#j ns[krk gS ¼233½
vkSj rqeesa ls tks yksx chfo;k¡ NksM+ ds ej tk,¡ rks ;s vkSjrsa pkj eghus nl jkst+ ¼bík Hkj½ vius dks jksds ¼vkSj nwljk fudkg u djsa½ fQj tc ¼bís dh eqír½ iwjh dj ys rks Ójh;r ds eqrkfcd+ tks dqN vius gd+ esa djsa bl ckjs esa rqe ij dksbZ bYt+ke ugha gS vkSj tks dqN rqe djrs gks [k+qnk ml ls [k+cjnkj gS ¼234½
vkSj vxj rqe ¼ml [k+kSQ ls fd Ók;n dksbZ nwljk fudkg dj ys½ mu vkSjrksa ls b’kkjru fudkg dh ¼dSn+ bík½ [+kkLrxkjh ¿mEehnokjhÀ djks ;k vius fnyks esa fNik, j[kks rks mlesa Hkh dqN rqe ij bYt+ke ugha gSa ¼D;ksafd½ [k+qnk dks ekywe gS fd ¼rqe ls lcz u gks ldsxk vkSj½ mu vkSjrksa ls fudkg djus dk [+;ky vk,xk ysfdu pksjh fNis ls fudkg dk ok;nk u djuk exj ;s fd mu ls vPNh ckr dg xqt+jksa ¼rks et+k,d+k ugha½ vkSj tc rd eqd+jZj fe;kn xqt+j u tk, fudkg dk d+ln ¿bjknkÀ Hkh u djuk vkSj le> j[kks fd tks dqN rqEgkjh fny esa gS [k+qnk ml dks t+#j tkurk gS rks ml ls Mjrs jgks vkSj ¼;s Hkh½ tku yks fd [k+qnk cM+k c[+’kus okyk cqnZckj gS ¼235½
vkSj vxj rqe us viuh chfo;ksa dks gkFk rd u yxk;k gks vkSj u egj eqv¸;qu fd;k gks vkSj mlds d+Cy gh rqe mudks rykd+ ns nks ¼rks bl esa Hkh½ rqe ij dqN bYt+ke ugha gS gk¡ mu vkSjrksa ds lkFk ¼nLrwj ds eqrkfcd+½ ekynkj ij viuh gSfl;r ds eqvkfQd+ vkSj x+jhc ij viuh gSfl;r ds eqokfQd+ ¼diM+s #i, ox+Sjg ls½ dqN lqywd djuk ykft+e gS usdh djus okyksa ij ;s Hkh ,d gd+ gS ¼236½
vkSj vxj rqe mu vkSjrksa dk esgj rks eqv¸;u dj pqds gks exj gkFk yxkus ds d+Cy gh rykd+ ns nks rks mu vkSjrksa dks esgj eqv¸;u dk vk/kk ns nks exj ;s fd ;s vkSjrsa [k+qn ekQ dj nsa ;k mu dk oyh ftlds gkFk esa muds fudkg dk ,[+rs;kj gks ekQ+ dj ns ¼rc dqN ugh½ vkSj vxj rqe gh lkjk esgj c[+’k nks rks ijgst+xkjh ls cgqr gh d+jhc gS vkSj vkil dh cqt+qZxh rks er Hkwyks vkSj tks dqN rqe djrs gks [k+qnk t+#j ns[k jgk gS ¼237½
vkSj ¼eqlyekuksa½ rqe reke uekt+ksa dh vkSj [k+qlwlu chp okyh uekt+ lqcg ;k t+ksgj ;k vlz dh ikcUnh djks vkSj [k+kl [k+qnk gh okLrs uekt+ esa d+quwr i<+us okys gks dj [kM+s gks fQj vxj rqe [k+kSQ dh gkyr esa gks ¼238½
vkSj iwjh uekt+ u i<+ ldks rks lokj ;k iSny ftl rjg cu iM+s i<+ yks fQj tc rqEgsa bResuku gks rks ftl rjg [k+qnk us rqEgsa ¼vius jlwy dh evkjQr bu ckrksa dks fl[kk;k gS tks rqe ugha tkurs Fks ¼239½
mlh rjg [k+qnk dks ;kn djks vkSj rqe esa ls tks yksx viuh chfo;ksa dks NksM+ dj ej tk,¡ mu ij viuh chfc;ksa ds gd+ esa lky Hkj rd ds uku o uq¶ds+ ¿jksVh diM+kÀ vkSj ¼?kj ls½ u fudyus dh olh;r djuh ¼ykft+e½ gS il vxj vkSjrsa [k+qn fudy [kM+h gks rks tk;t+ ckrksa ¼fudkg oxS+jg½ ls dqN vius gd+ esa djs mldk rqe ij dqN bYt+ke ugh gS vkSj [k+qnk gj ÓS ij x+kfyc vkSj fgd+er okyk gS ¼240½
vkSj ftu vkSjrksa dks rkv¸;qu esgj vkSj gkFk yxk, cxS+j rykd+ ns nh tk, muds lkFk tksM+s #i, oxS+jg ls lqywd djuk ykft+e gS ¼241½
¼;s Hkh½ ijgst+xkjksa ij ,d gd+ gS mlh rjg [+k+qnk rqe yksxksa dh fgnk;r ds okLrs vius ,gd+ke lkQ+ lkQ+ c;ku Qjekrk gS ¼242½
rkfd rqe le>ks ¼,s jlwy½ D;k rqe us mu yksxksa ds gky ij ut+j ugh dh tks ekSr ds Mj ds ekjs vius ?kjksa ls fudy Hkkxs vkSj og gt+kjks vkneh Fks rks [+k+qnk us mu ls Qjek;k fd lc ds lc ej tkvks ¼vkSj og ej x,½ fQj [+k+qnk u mUgsa ftUnk fd;k cs’kd [k+qnk yksxksa ij cM+k esgjcku gS exj vDlj yksx mldk ÓqØ ugha djrs ¼243½
vkSj eqlyekuksa [+k+qnk dh jkg es ftgkn djks vkSj tku j[kks fd [+k+qnk t+#j lc dqN lqurk ¼vkSj½ tkurk gS ¼244½
gS dksbZ tks [+k+qnk dks d+tsZ+ gqLuk ns rkfd [+k+qnk mlds eky dks bl ds fy, dbZ xquk c<+k ns vkSj [k+qnk gh raxnLr djrk gS vkSj ogh d’kk;’k nsrk gS vkSj mldh rjQ lc ds lc ykSVk fn;s tkvksxs ¼245½
¼,s jlwy½ D;k rqeus ewlk ds ckn cuh bljkby ds ljnkjksa dh gkyr ij ut+j ugh dh tc mUgksaus vius uch ¼’kew;sy½ ls dgk fd gekjs okLrs ,d ckn’kkg eqd+jZj dhft, rkfd ge jkgs [+k+qnk esa ftgkn djsa ¼iSx+Ecj us½ Q+jek;k dgha ,slk rks u gks fd tc rqe ij ftgkn okftc fd;k tk, rks rqe u yM+ks dgus yxs tc ge
vius ?kjksa vkSj vius cky cPPkksa ls fudkys tk pqds rks fQj ges dkSu lk mt+z ckd+h gS fd ge [k+qnk dh jkg esa ftgkn u djsa fQj tc mu ij ftgkn okftc fd;k x;k rks muesa ls pUn vknfe;ksa ds flok lc ds lc us yM+us ls eq¡g Qsjk vkSj [+k+qnk rks t+kfyeksa dks [kwc tkurk gS ¼246½
vkSj muds uch us muls dgk fd cs’kd [+k+qnk us rqEgkjh nj[+okLr ds ¼eqrkfcd+ rkywr dks rqEgkjk ckn’kkg eqd+jZj fd;k ¼rc½ dgus yxs ml dh gqdwer ge ij D;ksa dj gks ldrh gS gkykfd lYrur ds gd+nkj mlls T+;knk rks ge gSa D;ksafd mls rks eky ds ,rckj ls Hkh Q+kjxqy ckyh ¿[+kq’kgkyhÀ rd ulhc ugha ¼uch us½ dgk [k+qnk us mls rqe ij Qt+hyr nh gS vkSj eky esa u lgh exj bYe vkSj ftLe dk QSyko rks ml dk [k+qnk us T+;knk Qjek;k gs vkSj [k+qnk viuk eqYd ftls pkgsa ns vkSj [k+qnk cM+h xqUtkb’k okyk vkSj okfd+Q+dkj gS ¼247½
vkSj mu ds uch us muls ;s Hkh dgk bl ds ¼equktkfuc vYykg½ ckn’kkg gksus dh ;s igpku gS fd rqEgkjs ikl og lUnwd+ vk tk,xk ftlesa rqEgkjs ijojfnxkj dh rjQ ls rldhu ns phtsa+ vkSj mu rCcqjd+kr ls cpk [kqpk gksxk tks ewlk vkSj gk#u dh vkSykn ;knxkj NksM+ x;h gS vkSj ml lUnwd dks Qfj’rs mBk, gksxsa vxj rqe bZeku j[krs gks rks cs’kd mlesa rqEgkjs okLrs iwjh fu’kkuh gS ¼248½
fQj tc rkywr y’kdj leSr ¼’kgj ,sfy;k ls½ jokuk gqvk rks vius lkfFk;ksa ls dgk ns[kks vkxs ,d ugj feysxh bl ls ;d+huu [k+qnk rqEgkjs lcz dh vkt+ekb’k djsxk il tks Ó[+l ml dk ikuh ih;sxk eq>s ¼dqN okLrk½ ugh j[krk vkSj tks ml dks ugh p[ksxk og cs’kd eq> ls gksxk exj gk¡ tks vius gkFk ls ,d ¼vk/kk pqYyw Hkj ds ih½ ys rks dqN gtZ ugh il mu yksxksa us u ekuk vkSj pUn vknfe;ksa ds flok lc us ml dk ikuh fi;k [k+Sj tc rkywr vkSj tks eksfeuhu mu ds lkFk Fks ugj ls ikl gks x, rks ¼[k+kl eksfeuksa ds flok½ lc ds lc dgus yxs fd ge esa rks vkt Hkh tkywr vkSj mldh QkSt ls yM+us dh ldr ugha exj og yksx ftudks ;d+hu gS fd ,d fnu [k+qnk dks eq¡g fn[kkuk gS cs/kM+d cksy mBs fd ,slk cgqr gqvk fd [k+qnk ds gqDe ls NksVh tekvr cM+h tekvr ij x+kfyc vk x;h gS vkSj [k+qnk lcz djus okyksa dk lkFkh gS ¼249½
¼x+jt+½ tc ;s yksx tkywr vkSj mldh QkSt ds eqd+kcys dks fudys rks nqvk dh ,s esjs ijojfnxkj gesa dkfey lcz vrk Qjek vkSj eSnkus tax esa gekjs d+ne tek, j[k vkSj gesa dkfQjksa ij Qrsg buk;r dj ¼250½
fQj rks mu yksxksa us [+k+qnk ds gqDe ls nq’keuksa dks f’kdLr nh vkSj nkÅn us tkywr dks d+Ry fd;k vkSj [+k+qnk us mudks lYrur o rnchj rEíqu vrk dh vkSj bYe o gquj tks pkgk mUgsa xks;k ?kksy ds fiyk fn;k vkSj vxj [k+qnk ckt+ yksxksa ds t+fj, ls ckt+ dk nQk, ¼’kj½ u djrk rks reke #, t+ehu ij Q+lkn QSy tkrk exj [+k+qnk rks lkjs tgk¡u ds yksxksa ij Qt+y o jge djrk gS ¼251½
,s jlwy ;s [k+qnk dh lPph vk;rsa gSa tks ge rqe dks Bhd Bhd i<+ds lqukrs gSa vkSj cs’kd rqe t+#j jlwyksa esa ls gks ¼252½
;g lc jlwy ¼tks geus Hksts½ muesa ls ckt+ dks ckt+ ij Qt+hyr nh muesa ls ckt+ rks ,sls gSa ftuls [+kqn [+kqnk us ckr dh muesa ls ckt+ ds ¼vkSj rjg ij½ ntsZ cqyUn fd;s vkSj efj;e ds csVs bZlk dks ¼dSls dSls jkS’ku ekSftt+s vrk fd;s½ vkSj :gqydqnl ¼ftcjbZy½ ds t+fj;s ls mudh enn dh vkSj vxj [+kqnk pkgrk rks yksx bu ¼iSx++Ecjksa½ ds ckn gq;s og vius ikl jkS’ku ekSftt+s vk pqdus ij vkil esa u yM+ ejrs exj muesa QwV iM+ xbZ il muesa ls ckt+ rks bZeku yk;s vkSj ckt+ dkfQ+j gks x;s vkSj vxj [+kqnk pkgrk rks ;g yksx vkil esa yM+rs exj [+kqnk ogh djrk gS tks pkgrk gS ¼253½
,s bZekunkjksa tks dqN geus rqedks fn;k gS ml fnu ds vkus ls igys ¼[+kqnk dh jkg esa½ [+kpZ djks ftleas u rks [k+jhnks Qjkss[+r gksxh vkSj u ;kjh ¼vkSj u vk’kukbZ½ vkSj u flQ+kfj’k ¼gh dke vk;sxh½ vkSj dqÝ+ djus okys gh rks tq++Ye <krs gSa ¼254½
[+kqnk gh oks t+krs ikd gS fd mlds flok dksbZ ekcwn ugha ¼og½ ft+Unk gS ¼vkSj½ lkjs tgku dk laHkkyus okyk gS mldks u Å¡?k vkrh gS u uhan tks dqN vklekuks esa gS vkSj tks dqN t+ehu esa gS ¼xjt+ lc dqN½ mlh dk gS dkSu ,slk gS tks cx+Sj mldh btkt+r ds mlds ikl fdlh dh flQ+kfj’k djs tks dqN muds lkeus ekStwn gS ¼og½ vkSj tks dqN muds ihNs ¼gks pqdk½ gS ¼[kqnk lcdks½ tkurk gS vkSj yksx mlds bYe esa ls fdlh pht+ ij Hkh vgkrk ugha dj ldrs exj og ftls ftruk pkgs ¼fl[kk ns½ mldh dqlhZ lc vklekukas vkSj t+ehuksa dks ?ksjs gq;s gS vkSj mu nksuksa ¼vkleku o t+ehu½ dh fuxsgnk'r mlij dqN Hkh eqf'dy ugha vkSj og vkyh’kku cqtq+xZ ejrck gS ¼255½
nhu esa fdlh rjg dh tcjnLrh ugha D;ksafd fgnk;r xqejkgh ls ¼vyx½ t+kfgj gks pqdh rks ftl 'k[+l us >wBs [kqnkvksa cqrksa ls badkj fd;k vkSj [kqnk gh ij bZeku yk;k rks mlus oks et+cwr jLlh idM+h gS tks VwV gh ugha ldrh vkSj [+kqnk lc dqN lqurk vkSj tkurk gS ¼256½
[+kqnk mu yksxksa dk ljijLr gS tks bZeku yk pqds fd mUgsa ¼xqejkgh dh½ rkjhfd+;ksa ls fudky dj ¼fgnk;r dh½ jkS'kuh esa ykrk gS vkSj ftu yksxksa us dqÝ+ b[+rs;kj fd;k muds ljijLr 'kSrku gSa fd mudks ¼bZeku dh½ jkS'kuh ls fudky dj ¼dqÝ+ dh½ rkjhfd;ksa esa Mky nsrs gSa ;gh yksx rks tgUuqeh gSa ¼vkSj½ ;gh mlesa ges'kk jgsaxs ¼257½
¼,s jlwy½ D;k rqe us ml 'k[+l ¼ds gky½ ij ut+j ugha dh tks flQ+Z bl fcjrs ij fd [+kqnk us mls lYrur nh Fkh bczkghe ls muds ijojfnxkj ds ckjs esa my> iM+k fd tc bczkghe us ¼mlls½ dgk fd esjk ijojfnxkj rks og gS tks ¼yksxksa dks½ ftykrk vkSj ekjrk gS rks oks Hkh ¼'ks[k+h esa½ vkdj dgus yxk eSa Hkh ftykrk vkSj ekjrk gWw ¼rqEgkjs [+kqnk gh eas dkSu lk deky gS½ bczkghe us dgk ¼vPNk½ [kqnk rks vkQ+rkc dks iwjc ls fudkyrk gS Hkyk rqe mldks if'pe ls fudkyks bl ij og dkfQ+j gDdk cDdk gks dj jg x;k ¼exj bZeku u yk;k½ vkSj [+kqnk t+kfyeksa dks eaft+ys ed+lwn rd ugha igqWpk;k djrk ¼258½
¼,s jlwy rqeus½ elyu ml ¼cUns ds gky ij Hkh ut+j dh tks ,d xkWo ij ls gksdj xqt+jk vkSsj oks ,slk mtM+k Fkk fd viuh Nrksa ij ls <g ds fxj iM+k Fkk ;s ns[kdj og cUnk ¼dgus yxk½ vYykg vc bl xkWo dks ,slh ohjkuh ds ckn D;ksadj vkckn djsxk bl ij [+kqnk us mldks ¼ekj Mkyk½ lkS cjl rd eqnkZ j[kk fQj mldks ftyk mBk;k ¼rc½ iwWNk rqe fdruh nsj iM+s jgs vtZ+ dh ,d fnu iM+k jgk ,d fnu ls Hkh de Q+jek;k ugha rqe ¼blh gkyr esa½ lkS cjl iM+s jgs vc t+jk vius [kkus ihus ¼dh pht+ksa½ dks ns[kks fd cqlk rd ugha vkSj t+jk vius x/ks ¼lokjh½ dks rks ns[kks fd mldh gfM~M;k¡ <sj iM+h gSa vkSj lc bl okLrs fd;k gS rkfd yksxksa ds fy;s rqEgsa d+qnjr dk uewuk cuk;s vkSj vPNk vc ¼bl x/ks dh½ gfM~M;kas dh rjQ+ ut+j djks fd ge D;ksadj tksM+ tkM+ dj <k¡pk cukrs gSa fQj muij xks'r p<+krs gSa il tc ;s muij t+kfgj gqvk rks cslk[+rk cksy mBs fd ¼vc½ eSa ;s ;d+hus dkfey tkurk gWw fd [+kqnk gj pht+ ij d+kfnj gS ¼259½
vkSj ¼,s jlwy½ og okds+;k Hkh ;kn djks tc bcjkghe us ¼[kqnk ls½ nj[+okLr dh fd ,s esjs ijojfnxkj rw eq>s Hkh rks fn[kk ns fd rw eqnksaZ dks D;ksadj ft+Unk djrk gS [+k+qnk us Q+jek;k D;k rqEgsa ¼bldk½ ;d+hu ugha bcjkghe us vt+Z dh ¼D;ksa ugha½ ;d+hu rks gS exj vk¡[k ls ns[kuk blfy, pkgrk gWw fd esjs fny dks iwjk bfReuku gks tk, Q+jek;k ¼vxj ;s pkgrs gks½ rks pkj ifjUns yks vkSj mudks vius ikl eWxok yks vkSj VqdM+s VqdM+s dj Mkyks fQj gj igkM+ ij mudk ,d ,d VqdM+k j[k nks mlds ckn mudks cqykvks ¼fQj ns[kks rks D;ksa dj og lc ds lc rqEgkjs ikl nkSM+s gq, vkrs gSa vkSj le> j[kks fd [+kqnk cs'kd x+kfyc vkSj fgder okyk gS ¼260½
tks yksx vius eky [kqnk dh jkg esa [kpZ djrs gSa muds ¼[kpZ½ dh felky ml nkus dh lh felky gS ftldh lkr ckfy;kW fudysa ¼vkSj½ gj ckyh esa lkS ¼lkS½ nkus gksa vkSj [+kqnk ftlds fy;s pkgrk gS nwuk dj nsrk gS vkSj [kqnk cM+h xqUtkb'k okyk ¼gj pht+ ls½ okfd+Q+ gS ¼261½
tks yksx vius eky [+k+qnk dh jkg esa [+kpZ djrs gSa vkSj fQj [+kpZ djus ds ckn fdlh rjg dk ,glku ugha trkrs gSa vkSj u ftuij ,glku fd;k gS mudks lrkrs gSa mudk vtz ¼o lokc½ muds ijojfnxkj ds ikl gS vkSj u vk[+ksjr esa muij dksbZ [k+kSQ+ gksxk vkSj u og x+exhu gksaxs ¼262½
¼lk;y dks½ ujeh ls tokc ns nsuk vkSj ¼mlds bljkj ij u f>M+duk cfYd½ mlls njxqt+j djuk ml [kS+jkr ls dgha csgrj gS ftlds ckn ¼lk;y dks½ bZt+k igqWps vkSj [+kqnk gj 'kSs ls csijok ¼vkSj½ cqnZckj gS ¼263½
,s bekunkjksa vkiuh [kS+jkr dks ,glku trkus vkSj ¼lk;y dks½ bZt+k ¿rdyhQÀ nsus dh otg ls ml 'k[+l dh rjg vdkjr er djks tks viuk eky egt+ yksxksa dks fn[kkus ds okLrs [+kpZ djrk gS vkSj [+kqnk vkSj jksts+ vk[ks+jr ij bZeku ugha j[krk rks mldh [kS+jkr dh felky ml fpduh pV~Vku dh lh gS ftlij dqN [k+kd ¼iM+h gq;h½ gks fQj mlij t+ksj 'kksj dk ¼cM+s cM+s d+rjksa ls½ esag cjls vkSj mldks ¼feV~Vh dks cgkds½
fpduk pqiM+k NksM+ tk, ¼blh rjg½ fj;kdkj viuh ml [k+Sjkr ;k mlds lokc esa ls tks mUgksaus dh gS fdlh pht+ ij d+Ct+k u ik,axs ¼u nqfu;k esa u vk[+ksjr esa½ vkSj [+kqnk dkfQ+jksa dks fgnk;r djds eaft+ys ed+lwn rd ugha igq¡pk;k djrk ¼264½
vkSj tks yksx [+kqnk dh [+kq'kuwnh ds fy, vkSj vius fnyh ,rd+kn ls vius eky [+kpZ djrs gSa mudh felky ml ¼gjs Hkjs½ ckx+ dh lh gS tks fdlh Vhys ;k Vhdjs ij yxk gks vkSj ml ij t+ksj 'kksj ls ikuh cjlk rks vius nqxus Qy yk;k vkSj vxj ml ij cM+s /kM+Yys dk ikuh u Hkh cjls rks mlds fy;s gYdh Qqvkj ¼gh dkQ+h½ gS vkSj tks dqN rqe djrs gks [+kqnk mldh ns[kHkky djrk jgrk gS ¼265½
Hkyk rqe esa dksbZ Hkh bldks ilUn djsxk fd mlds fy, [ktwjksa vkSj vaxwjksa dk ,d ckx+ gks mlds uhps ugjsa tkjh gksa vkSj mlds fy, mlesa rjg rjg ds esos gksa vkSj ¼vc½ mldks cq<+kis us ?ksj fy;k gS vkSj mlds ¼NksVs NksVs½ ukrokW det+ksj cPps gSa fd ,dckjxh ml ckx+ ij ,slk cxksyk vk iM+k ftlesa vkx ¼Hkjh½ Fkh fd og ckx+ ty Hkqu dj jg x;k [++kqnk vius ,gdke dks rqe yksxksa ls lkQ+ lkQ+ c;ku djrk gS rkfd rqe x+kSj djks ¼266½
,s bZeku okyksa viuh ikd dekbZ vkSj mu pht+ksa esa ls tks geus rqEgkjs fy, t+ehu ls iSnk dh gSa ¼[+kqnk dh jkg esa½ [+kpZ djks vkSj cqjs eky dks ¼[+kqnk dh jkg esa½ nsus dk d+ln Hkh u djks gkykWfd vxj ,slk eky dksbZ rqedks nsuk pkgs rks rqe viuh [+kq'kh ls mlds ysus okys ugha gks exj ;s fd ml ¼ds ysus½ esa ¼venu½ vkW[k pqjkvks vkSj tkus jgks fd [+kqnk cs'kd csfu;kt+ ¼vkSj½ lt+kokjs gEn gS ¼267½
'kSrku reqdks raxnLrh ls Mjkrk gS vkSj cqjh ckr ¼cq[+y½ dk rqedks gqDe djrk gS vkSj [+kqnk rqels viuh cf[+'k'k vkSj Q+t+y ¼o dje½ dk ok;nk djrk gS vkSj [+kqnk cM+h xqUtkb'k okyk vkSj lc ckrksa dk tkuus okyk gS ¼268½
og ftldks pkgrk gS fgder vrk Q+jekrk gS vkSj ftldks ¼[+kqnk dh rjQ½ ls fgder vrk dh xbZ rks blesa 'kd ugha fd mls [+kwfc;ksa ls cM+h nkSyr gkFk yxh vkSj vD+yeUnksa ds flok dksbZ ulhgr ekurk gh ugha ¼269½
vkSj rqe tks dqN Hkh [k+pZ djks ;k dksbZ eUur ekuks [+kqnk mldks t+:j tkurk gS vkSj ¼;s Hkh ;kn jgs½ fd t+kfyeksa dk ¼tks½ [+kqnk dk gd+ ekj dj vkSjksa dh ut+z djrs gSa ¼d+;ker esa½ dksbZ ennxkj u gksxk ¼270½
vxj [k+Sjkr dks t+kfgj esa nks rks ;g ¼t+kfgj djds nsuk½ Hkh vPNk gS vkSj vxj mldks fNikvks vkSj gktreUnksa dks nks rks ;s fNik dj nsuk rqEgkjs gd+ esas T+;knk csgrj gS vkSj ,sls nsus dks [+kqnk rqEgkjs xqukgksa dk d¶+Q+kjk dj nsxk vkSj tks dqN rqe djrs gks [+kqnk mlls [k+cjnkj gS ¼271½
,s jlwy mudk eaft+ys ed+lwn rd igqWpkuk rqEgkjk dke ugha ¼rqEgkjk dke flQZ+ jkLrk fn[kkuk gS½ exj gkW [+kqnk ftldks pkgs eaft+ys ed+lwn rd igqWpk ns vkSj ¼yksxksa½ rqe tks dqN usd dke esa [k+pZ djksxs rks vius fy, vkSj rqe [+kqnk dh [+kq'kuwnh ds flok vkSj dke esa [k+pZ djrs gh ugha gks ¼vkSj tks dqN rqe usd dke esa [+kpZ djksxs½
¼d+;ker esa½ rqedks Hkjiwj okil feysxk vkSj rqEgkjk gd+ u ekjk tk,xk ¼272½
¼;g [kS+jkr½ [k+kl mu gktreUnksa ds fy, gS tks [+kqnk dh jkg esa f?kj x;s gks ¼vkSj½ :, t+ehu ij ¼tkuk pkgsa rks½ py ugha ldrs ukokfd+Q+ mudks loky u djus dh otg ls vehj le>rs gSaa ¼ysfdu½ rw ¼,s eq[k+kfrc vxj mudks ns[ks½ rks mudh lwjr ls rkM+ tk;s ¼fd ;s eksgrkt gSa vxjps½ yksxksa ls fpeV ds loky ugha djrs vkSj tks dqN Hkh rqe usd dke esa [k+pZ djrs gks [+kqnk mldks t+:j tkurk gS ¼273½
tks yksx jkr dks ;k fnu dks fNik dj ;k fn[kk dj ¼[+kqnk dh jkg esa½ [k+pZ djrs gSa rks muds fy, mudk vtz o lokc muds ijojfnxkj ds ikl gS vkSj ¼d+;ker esa½ u mu ij fdlh fd+Le dk [k+kSQ+ gksxk vkSj u og vkt+qnkZ [k+kfrj gksaxs ¼274½
tks yksx lwn [kkrs gSa og ¼d+;ker esa½ [kM+s u gks ldsaxs exj ml ”'k[+l dh rjg [kM+s gksaxs ftl dks 'kSrku us fyiV dj e[k+cwrqy gokl ¿ikxyÀ cuk fn;k gS ;s bl otg ls fd og mlds d+k;y gks x, fd tSlk fcØh dk ekeyk oSlk gh lwn dk ekeyk gkykWfd fcØh dks rks [kqnk us gyky vkSj lwn dks gjke dj fn;k cl ftl 'k[+l ds ikl mlds ijojfnxkj dh rjQ+ ls ulhgr ¼eqekfu;r½ vk;s vkSj og ckt+ vk x;k rks bl gqDe ds ukft+y gksus ls igys tks lwn ys pqdk og rks ml dk gks pqdk vkSj mldk vez ¼ekeyk½ [+kqnk ds gokys gS vkSj tks eukgh ds ckn fQj lwn ys ¼;k fcØh ds ekys dks ;dlk crk, tk,½ rks ,sls gh yksx tgUuqe esa jgsaxs ¼275½
[kqnk lwn dks feVkrk gS vkSj [k+Sjkr dks c<+krk gS vkSj ftrus uk'kqØs xqukgxkj gSa [kqnk mUgsa nksLr ugha j[krk ¼276½
¼gkW½ ftu yksxksa us bZeku d+qcwy fd;k vkSj vPNs&vPNs dke fd, vkSj ikcUnh ls uekt+ i<+h vkSj t+dkr fn;k fd;s muds fy, vycRrk mudk vtz o ¼lokc½ muds ijojfnxkj ds ikl gS vkSj ¼d+;ker esa½ u rks mu ij fdlh fd+Le dk [k+kSQ+ gksxk vkSj u og jUthnk fny gksaxs ¼277½
,s bZekunkjksa [++kqnk ls Mjks vkSj tks lwn yksxksa ds ft+Ees ckd+h jg x;k gS vxj rqe lPps eksfeu gks rks NksM+ nks ¼278½
vkSj vxj rqeus ,slk u fd;k rks [+kqnk vkSj mlds jlwy ls yM+us ds fy;s rS;kj jgks vkSj vxj rqeus rkSck dh gS rks rqEgkjs fy, rqEgkjk vly eky gS u rqe fdlh dk t+cjnLrh uqdlku djks u rqe ij t+cjnLrh dh tk,xh ¼279½
vkSj vxj dksbZ raxnLr rqEgkjk ¼d+t+Znkj gks½ rks mls [+kq'kgkyh rd eksgYyr ¼nks½ vkSj lnd+k djks vkSj vxj rqe le>ks rks rqEgkjs gd+ esa T+;knk csgrj gS fd vly Hkh c[+'k nks ¼280½
vkSj ml fnu ls Mjks ftl fnu rqe lc ds lc [+kqnk dh rjQ+ ykSVk;s tkvksxs fQj tks dqN ftl 'k[+l us fd;k gS mldk iwjk iwjk cnyk fn;k tk,xk vkSj mudh t+jk Hkh gd+ ryQ+h u gksxh ¼281½
,s bZekunkjksa tc ,d fe;kns eqd+jZjk rd ds fy, vkil esa d+tZ+ dk ysu nsu djks rks mls fy[kk i<+h dj fy;k djks vkSj fy[kus okys dks pkfg;s fd rqEgkjs njfE;ku rqEgkjs d+kSy o d+jkj dks] bUlkQ+ ls Bhd Bhd fy[ks vkSj fy[kus okys dks fy[kus ls bUdkj u djuk pkfg;s ¼cfYd½ ftl rjg [+kqnk us mls ¼fy[kuk i<+uk½ fl[kk;k gS mlh rjg mldks Hkh os mt+z ¼cgkuk½ fy[k nsuk pkfg;s vkSj ftlds ft+Ees d+t+Z
vk;n gksrk gS mlh dks pkfg, fd ¼reLlqd½ dh bckjr crkrk tk;s vkSj [+kqnk ls Mjs tks mldk lPpk ikyus okyk gS Mjrk jgs vkSj ¼crkus esa½ vkSj d+t+Z nsus okys ds gqd+wd+ esa dqN deh u djs vxj d+t+Z ysus okyk de vD+y ;k ekt++wj ;k [+kqn ¼reLlqd½ dk eryc fy[kok u ldrk gks rks mldk ljijLr Bhd Bhd bUlkQ+ ls fy[kok ns vkSj vius yksxksa esa ls ftu yksxksa dks rqe xokgh ysus ds fy;s ilUn djks ¼de ls de½ nks enksZa dh xokgh dj fy;k djks fQj vxj nks enZ u gks rks ¼de ls de½ ,d enZ vkSj nks vkSjrsa ¼D;ksafd½ mu nksuksa esa ls vxj ,d Hkwy tk,xh rks ,d nwljh dks ;kn fnyk nsxh] vkSj tc xokg gqDdke ds lkeus ¼xokgh ds fy,½ cqyk;k tk,W rks gkft+j gksus ls bUdkj u djs vkSj d+t+Z dk ekeyk [+okg NksVk gks ;k mldh fe;kn eqv¸;qu rd dh ¼nLrkost+½ fy[kokus esa dkfgyh u djks] [+kqnk ds ut+nhd ;s fy[kk i<+h cgqr gh eqfUlQ+kuk dkjokbZ gS vkSj xokgh ds fy, Hkh cgqr et+cwrh gS vkSj cgqr d+jhu ¼d+;kl½ gS fd rqe vkbZUnk fdlh rjg ds 'kd o 'kqcgk esa u iM+ks exj tc ud+n lkSnk gks tks rqe yksx vkil esa myV Qsj fd;k djrs gks rks mldh ¼nLrkost½ ds u fy[kus esa rqe ij dqN bYt+ke ugha gS ¼gkW½ vkSj tc mlh rjg dh [+kjhn ¼Q+jks[+r½ gks rks xokg dj fy;k djks vkSj d+kfrc ¼nLrkost+½ vkSj xokg dks t+jj u igq¡pk;k tk, vkSj vxj rqe ,slk dj cSBs rks ;s t+:j rqEgkjh 'kjkjr gS vkSj [+kqnk ls Mjks [+kqnk rqedks ekeys dh lQ+kbZ fl[kkrk gS vkSj og gj pht+ dks [+kwc tkurk gS ¼282½
vkSj vxj rqe lQ+j esa gks vkSj dksbZ fy[kus okyk u feys ¼vkSj d+t+Z nsuk gks½ rks jgu ;k dCt+k j[k yks vkSj vxj rqeesa ,d dk ,d dks ,rckj gks rks ¼;Ww gh d+t+Z ns ldrk gS exj½ fQj ftl 'k[+l ij ,rckj fd;k x;k gS ¼d+t+Z ysus okyk½ mldks pkfg;s d+t+Z nsus okys dh vekur ¼d+t+Z½ iwjh iwjh vnk dj ns vkSj vius ikyus okys [+kqnk ls Mjs ¼eqlyekuks½ rqe xokgh dks u fNikvks vkSj tks fNik,xk rks cs'kd mldk fny xqukgxkj gS vkSj rqe yksx tks dqN djrs gks [+kqnk mldks [+kwc tkurk gS ¼283½
tks dqN vklekuksa esa gS vkSj tks dqN t+ehu esa gS ¼x+jt+½ lc dqN [kqnk gh dk gS vkSj tks dqN rqEgkjs fnyksa esa gs [+okg rqe mldks t+kfgj djks ;k mls fNikvks [+kqnk rqels mldk fglkc ysxk] fQj ftl dks pkgs c[+'k ns vkSj ftl ij pkgs vt+kc djs] vkSj [+kqnk gj pht+ ij d+kfnj gS ¼284½
gekjs iSx+Ecj ¼eksgEen½ tks dqN muij muds ijojfnxkj dh rjQ ls ukft+y fd;k x;k gS ml ij bZeku yk, vkSj muds ¼lkFk½ eksfeuhu Hkh ¼lcds½ lc [+kqnk vkSj mlds Q+fj'rksa vkSj mldh fdrkcksa vkSj mlds jlwyksa ij bZeku yk, ¼vkSj dgrs gSa fd½ ge [+kqnk ds iSx+Ecjksa esa ls fdlh esa rQ+jd+k ugha djrs vkSj dgus yxs ,s gekjs ijojfnxkj geus ¼rsjk bj'kkn½ lquk ¼285½
vkSj eku fy;k ijojfnxkj gesa rsjh gh ex+fQ+jr dh ¼[+okfg'k gS½ vkSj rsjh gh rjQ+ ykSV dj tkuk gS [+kqnk fdlh dks mldh rkd+r ls T+;knk rdyhQ+ ugha nsrk mlus vPNk dke fd;k rks vius uQ+s ds fy, vkSj cqjk dke fd;k rks ¼mldk ocky½ mlh ij iMs+xk ,s gekjs ijojfnxkj vxj ge Hkwy tk,sa ;k x+yrh djsa rks gekjh fxj¶+r u dj ,s gekjs ijojfnxkj ge ij oSlk cks> u Mky tSlk gels vxys yksxksa ij cks>k Mkyk Fkk] vkSj ,s gekjs ijojfnxkj bruk cks> ftlds mBkus dh gesa rkd+r u gks gels u mBok vkSj gekjs dq+lwjksa ls njxqt+j dj vkSj gekjs xqukgksa dks c[+'k ns vkSj ge ij jge Q+jek rw gh gekjk ekfyd gS rw gh dkfQ+jksa ds eqd+kcys esa gekjh enn dj ¼286½